Writing note: We republish this article by our late director Luis Arce Borja who appeared in Rebelión on September 27, 2003. This month we commemorate the resistance of the prisoners of the PCP in the Cantogrande prison between 6 and 9 May 1992. We believe that we must keep the memory alive, which implies not forgetting the betrayal of characters like Osmán Morote. Until that date, Luis Arce was not absolutely certain that the capitulation of the Letters of Peace had been orchestrated by Abimael Guzmán, which constituted treason to the revolution in Peru.
In November 1994, we wrote an investigative article (1), where we tried to get closer to the truth about the "peace letters" that the government since 1993 falsely awarded to Chairman Gonzalo. We made a meticulous tour of the actions of the National Intelligence Service (SIN) to manufacture the capitulation letters. There we drew a line between the plans of the SIN and the participation of some prisoners and militants of the Communist Party of Peru (PCP) who had succumbed to the temptation of capitulation and treason. Osmán Morote Barrionuevo, propagandized since 1988 by the official press as "historical leader" of the PCP, deserved our most diligent attention. And regarding him we deduce his secret connection with the plans of the SIN to stop the people's war and assassinate the head of the Maoist guerrilla.
Specifically, we said that Morote was the leader of the groups of traitors who, since the beginning of the Fujimori government, had collaborated with the anti-subversive plans of the army and the police. We also point out that the group led by Morote, until before May 1992, had formed its headquarters in the Canto Grande prison where they met clandestinely with agents of the National Intelligence Service (SIN). We note this deduction in the following way: "..the National Intelligence Service (SIN) reaches an agreement with some treasonous elements who were in different prisons in the country. During the months of September and October 1992, The first rounds of conversations between the SIN agents and the capitulators began. The contacts are clandestine and take place in the Canto Grande prison. " (Operation Capitulation, November 1994).
We also denounce, and this was extremely serious, that the murder of 100 prisoners of war carried out in May 1992 by the Fujimori government, was carried out with the complicity of Morote and his followers. In the bloody events in the Castro Castro prison (May 1992), a criminal command of the National Intelligence Service (SIN) intervened. The objective of this command led from the government palace was to eliminate the 14 cadres and senior leaders of the PCP who were in said prison.
All the imprisoned leaders of the Party were shot when they went abroad as a sign of having concluded the battle. The illogical and curious part of this massive crime was that Osmán Morote, accused of being "number 2" in the rank of PCP leaders, suffered only a scratch on one of his buttocks. He survived quietly and then dedicated himself to coordinating with Vladimiro Montesinos and preparing gifts that he sent to Fujimori from prison. In the analysis we carried out in 1994, we interpreted Morote's strange invulnerability as an additional element that proved his link with the plans of the counter-insurgent forces. We point this out as follows:
"It is almost certain that a secret agreement already existed before May 1992 between the agents of the SIN (National Intelligence Service) and the capituladotes. In the massacre of the Canto Grande prison (May 1992), the police and the Selectively, nearly 100 prisoners of war were assassinated by the army, most of whom were considered "MEMBERS OF THE HIKING DOME." The assassins with a list in hand looked for the "LEADERS" whom, after locating them, they were shot, curiously , some of the "LEADERS" who were saved in that massacre, are the ones who are now working for the "peace accord." They even appear on television hugging and offering gifts to Fujimori. They, with the support of the police, are mobilized by the different prisons of the country Some of the capitulators have been presented as part of the "HISTORICAL CONTINGENT" of the Communist Party of Peru (PCP) … ". (Operation Capitulation, November 1994).
Morote, the treason and the slaughter of the leaders of the Party Our analysis, drawn up almost 6 years ago, has not only come out unscathed over time, but the arguments that we delivered on that occasion have been verified. What we said there in 1994, and which for some was an excess of investigative journalism, has been proven by facts and reality. Since the fall of Fujimori in 2000, and with the publication of the famous vladivideos (2), it has been verified that Osmán Morote, Maria Pantoja, and other treasonous prisoners, became, before 1992, undercover agents of the SIN. But the most spectacular thing about this fact results from the recent revelations of Martín Rivas, former army major and one of the heads of the National Intelligence Service (SIN). Rivas was the right arm of Vladimiro Montesinos, and the chief of operations of the paramilitary group called "Grupo Colina", which the Fujimori government organized to clandestinely execute syndicated groups or people of "Senderistas".
Rivas' testimony has special resonance in the reconstruction of the events of '92 in the Canto Grande prison. Why? Because Rivas was not only an important head of the SIN and the Colina Group, but because he took an active part in the planning and killing of the PCP leaders incarcerated in the prison. What does Martín Rivas say? The executor of the Colina Group has confessed to the journalist Humberto Jara (3), and narrates in great detail how the killing of the prisoners of war was organized. According to Rivas' testimony, "Alberto Fujimori, then President of the Republic, knew and authorized the plan for the extrajudicial elimination of the prisoners of the Canto Grande prison. The planning for the taking of the Canto Grande prison was carried out at the SIN (National Intelligence Service). The objective was to end the Luminous Combat Trench and restore the principle of authority ".." (La República, 09/24/03).
According to Martín Rivas: "A military platoon entered the prison (which was run by himself) with a defined objective: to annihilate each of the members of the Senderista leadership, leaving only one of them safe: Osmán Morote Barrionuevo." "Thirteen members of the Senderista leadership were shot to death without requiring their surrender, and their deaths were officially reported by President Fujimori as" fallen in the aforementioned fray. " According to the testimony, "Osmán Morote was evacuated with a gunshot wound to the right buttock. He saved his life for a military reason not without logic."
According to La República's summary, "That Saturday, May 9, 1992, by order of Fujimori and Montesinos, the members of the Sendero leadership were subjected to extrajudicial executions: Deodato Juárez Cruzatt, Yovanka Pardavé Trujillo, Tito Valle Travesaño, Janet Talavera Arroyo, Elvia Zanabria Pacheco, Ana Pilar Castillo Villanueva, Andrés Agüero Garamendi, José Antonio Aranda Company, Victoria Trujillo Abanto, Ramiro Mina Quispe Flores, Servio Campos Fernández, Fidel Rogelio Castro Palomino and Marcos Ccallocunto Núñez. "The total number of leaders of Sendero Luminoso was nineteen. Fourteen were in prison. One was left alive. Thirteen founders of the terrorist group were eliminated.
Osman Morote was spared