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/edu/ - Education

'The weapon of criticism cannot, of course, replace criticism of the weapon, material force must be overthrown by material force; but theory also becomes a material force as soon as it has gripped the masses.' - Karl Marx
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ITT: resources and tips about navigating the Internet and researching topics

Feel free to post your own resources and tips too.

I'm going to post a lot of my own that I have gathered over the years.
I ask that random chit-chat in this thread is kept to a minimum except regarding technical questions & answers on the topic matter.
This is so that resources are kept as compact as possible, and so, readable.

First I'll dump resources and tips for researching various topics.
Note: I don't even have access to or use some of these myself (e.g. LexisNexis which seems to be pay-to-use), but I figure they could be helpful in some narrow cases. I use most of these myself. If the initial things I post don't interest you, keep reading anyway. I'm going to be dumping a lot of content.

Find key terms in newspapers and magazines.
I would say this is more helpful for finding sources that do exist rather than for reading them, per se. You can try to read the articles elsewhere than PressReader if you know their titles or part of their body text. The site appears to brand itself as pay-to-use, however you can use the search tool anyway and even read some resulting articles.
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https://archive.ph/dMn5N, save with control+s.
if you feel savvy, you can use https://github.com/ArchiveTeam/wpull
a comparison of web archiving tools exists here: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1FqxwaZnIhhQ7jDCC-W64NMRf5rDeh2Shx3u01MsBmTQ
or as pdf version in file attached. (if the pdf doesn't render well use zathura (linux) or sumatra pdf (windows)


A list of reading groups and their schedules that have chosen to advertise themselves here. Take a minute to check them out. If you would like to promote your reading group, feel free to leave a comment telling people where they can go.

>>5912 /read/

>>6162 Continental Floppa
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Read the nonfiction chapters of Half Earth Socialism.
The video game they made to promote the book is very fun and thought provoking, so I bought the book.

The book is not particularly good. It attempts to link the necessity of economic planning and large scale rewilding (half of the terrestrial surface must be nature preserves in order to have a viable ecosystem). The thesis of the book is that a planned economy is nessecary to preserve human life on earth, but the argument entirely rests on the unsupported assertion that "Half of the earth could not remain uncommodified under capitalism". No attempt is made to develop this claim through an economic argument. The authors criticize John Bellamy Foster and the Monthly Review school on ecology for merely reading Marx with viridian tinted glasses. Lacking an economic theory, the authors of Half Earth Socialism have no way to prove their point. Instead, they rely on extensive citations from the scientific literature describing the current impacts of the capitalist world-syste, and tearing apart neoliberal fantasies about geoengineering. The book contains almost 50 pages of citations, and the main text including introduction is only 180 pages.

Its a very puzzling book, the authors are familiar with neurath, beer, etc regarding planned economies, but fail to invoke the law of requisite variety in their critiques of geoengineering, despite referencing it in planning.

The authors and game developers had a research group during the game development process, and the game developers actually mentioned these undeveloped ideas in the general intellect unit podcast, that could have produce a systematic critique of geoengineering.

The high reference density and dependance of citing an argument instead of printing it reminds me of a lot of popular science / popular economics writing. I am pretty disappointed with the book, but look forward to reading the fiction chapter at the end. The authors are at least capable researchers and prose writers.


Since this is a subject that has been making the rounds in the public discourse again, let‘s make a general that debunks anti-semitic conspiracy theories. Post literature, videos, infographs, memes, whatever. Unfortunately, I don‘t have anything on my own, but I will make this thread to get this going.
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Fascists are charlatans through and through
They don’t care that any one of their infographics has bad sources, that it doesn’t understand any of the methods and intentions of their sources, that the graphs and charts or whatever are confusing and manipulated
The only thing that matters to them is that there’s an infographic, and it visually has charts and graphs on it, maybe some news headlines and even source citations, and that one might come away from it feeling vaguely “enlightened” about how the Jews Are Bad


I think the thread is about to how show normies the fascists are charlatans, not to get the charlatans to change.


Yes, that was my motive


But you don’f need to do that
Anyone that might listen to fascist will never listen to an actual rational argument


It is suspicious sounding that Jews are overrepresented in certain fields, that's not that unreasonable to think.

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 No.2940[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

Hello comrades. I propose a general thread in an attempt to get the /edu/ ball rolling again. Everytime you visit /edu/, post in this thread. Tell us about what you're thinking about, what you're reading, an interesting thing you have learned today, anything! Just be sure to pop in and say hi.
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File: 1669490899676.pdf (28.64 MB, 255x217, Propaganda.pdf)

A lot of what Elull writes is theoretical, and it is very lengthy and verbose, but surprisingly I've never felt bored reading it. Reading anything by him felt more as if I was trying to understand the world around me.

As for Propaganda itself, it's hard to summarize it all, and I'm not going to copy paste the wiki summary of the book because anyone can do that. I can only describe it as "an explanation for why and how I would have gotten sucked into ____ politics." For a book written in the 1960's it's still extremely relevant, maybe even more so.

<Emotionalism, impulsiveness, excess, etc—all these characteristics of the individual caught up in a mass are well known and very helpful to propaganda. Therefore, the individual must never be considered as being alone; the listener to a radio broadcast, though actually alone, is nevertheless part of a large group, and he is aware of it. Radio listeners have been found to exhibit a mass mentality. All are tied together and constitute a sort of society in which all individuals are accomplices and influence each other without knowing it.

I'm sorry see if this works.


what the fuck I wasn't expecting Foner's Reconstruction to be like 600 pages



OK but you still need some kind of review at the end, right? No matter how cool the experiment design is if you fuck up its execution.


This is what happened to us: reviewers had some brilliant suggestions for analyses we hadn’t considered—especially helpful when, as with our brain-atlas project, the idea is to write a paper that’s practically useful to other researchers—and we agreed to run them. Anna has just finished all the statistics, and we’re safe in the knowledge that we’ll definitely get a publication (so long as the reviewers, who get a second look, agree we’ve done what we promised).


If feudalism had markets, does that demonstrate that capitalism has always existed and is not truly escapable?


i don't think it works that way, in feudal times there were many collective relations of production like in the fields but does not mean communism always existed.


Capitalism is *generalized* commodity production.


capital predates capitalism, for example usurer's capital. what sets capitalism apart is that capital enters the sphere of production. in less productive periods capital mostly concerns itself with circulation. this is explained in vol III of Capital


Its so sad how few people manage to read until the last chapters of Das Kapital https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/ch32.htm
>What does the primitive accumulation of capital, i.e., its historical genesis, resolve itself into? In so far as it is not immediate transformation of slaves and serfs into wage labourers, and therefore a mere change of form, it only means the expropriation of the immediate producers, i.e., the dissolution of private property based on the labour of its owner. Private property, as the antithesis to social, collective property, exists only where the means of labour and the external conditions of labour belong to private individuals. But according as these private individuals are labourers or not labourers, private property has a different character. The numberless shades, that it at first sight presents, correspond to the intermediate stages lying between these two extremes.
>The private property of the labourer in his means of production is the foundation of petty industry, whether agricultural, manufacturing, or both; petty industry, again, is an essential condition for the development of social production and of the free individuality of the labourer himself. Of course, this petty mode of production exists also under slavery, serfdom, and other states of dependence. But it flourishes, it lets loose its whole energy, it attains its adequate classical form, only where the labourer is the private owner of his own means of labour set in action by himself: the peasant of the land which he cultivates, the artisan of the tool which he handles as a virtuoso.
>This mode of production presupposes parcelling of the soil and scattering of the other means of production. As it excludes the concentration of these means of production, so also it excludes cooperation, division of labour within each separate process of production, the control over, and the productive application of the forces of Nature by society, and the free development of the social productive powers. It is compatible only with a system of production, and a society, moving within narrow and more or less primitive bounds. To perpetuate it would be, as Pecqueur rightly says, “to decree universal mediocrity".
>At a certain stage of dePost too long. Click here to view the full text.


*vol I of Das Kapital

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Things to share: Movies, documentaries and mainly books.
Anything related to socialism, anarchy, communism and so on.

>Absolute beginner material




>More Marx and Engels


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bye everyone, my time here is done, save what you want from this thread im not gonna be seeding anything anymore, some things are happening in my live, I need to move on.


Torrent boy.




Don't know of this fits here, but here's a site I found recently filled with prison reform resources, some of the links don't work anymore but still some pretty solid material and the list alone has to be wroth something





Anyone got books from Kojeve or Losurdo for download?

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Simply put, a thread to document and explore China's relationship with the CIA.

Here we collate sources, examples, etc, which document China's friendly relations with the CIA and its objectives, in places like Afghanistan, Nicaragua, Angola, The Philippines, Israel, etc.
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Holy shit dude, read your fucking sources. Don't keep digging yourself deeper.


which specific parts are you pointing to


>China funded Moaists, a faction of the communists, to overthrow another communist faction
Couldn't they work together or something.




Even I haven't sunk far enough to do this


Hi, I'll be doing a group project in uni for a "business ethics of new technology" filler course soon. We picked the topic of "propaganda and censorship in social networks" and I basically want to dunk on Western social media for being hypocritical about muh freedom of speech and muh Chinese/Russian state media and demonstrate how these companies are "socially irresponsible" with their behavior.
Basically, what I need is some literature to cite on how privatized censorship and propaganda work in modern liberal societies, specifically on Facebook, Google services or Twitter. Manufacturing Consent would be an obvious position if not for the fact it predates the current era.
Context: the teacher is a priest very outspokenly into "personalist" morality and Christian Democracy/milquetoast socdemmery/whatever ideology Rerum Novarum actually advocates for, and has explicitly asserted the liberal assumption that having private property is a fundamental human right, so no open praising of communism or anything like that.
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these too



Just re-discovered this too, National Endowment for Democracy (aka US Gov by proxy) funds a Facebook fact checking organization (that also has ties to neonazis lol)


I suggest you go through articles on FAIR which is a media watchdog with a high rating on Media Bias Fact Check. It basically writes articles shitting on mainstream news pointing out when they are being deceptive or irresponsible


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Many thanks, anon. I'll try to make good use of these sources!
Damn, you made me realize I have basically no reaction images that show approval or gratitude


“Among the most active actors in “injecting” questionable geopolitical news are the military and defense ministries. For example, in 2009 the head of the American news agency AP, Tom Curley, made public that the Pentagon employs more than 27,000 PR specialists who, with a budget of nearly $ 5 billion a year, are working the media and circulating targeted manipulations. In addition, high-ranking US generals had threatened that they would “ruin” him and the AP if the journalists reported too critically on the US military.”

here anon, this is a much better source than the other ones, less conspiracy-y, more credible. Not that the other ones lack info and leads to follow up on, but this quote kind of blows them out of the water for conciseness, and the person who's making the claim.

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 No.3780[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

Hello everyone, we have received the results of our project proposal topic, and I'm delighted to announce that we are teaming up with 'leftypedia' to deliver our planned 'argument/talking point resource' idea. In case you don't know, leftypedia is the current version of the old abandoned 'marxistpedia' which was a project started by leftypol users back in the day, so I think this is sort of like a homecoming in a way.


Anyway, if you have a look at the leftypedia site you might be able to tell that they have a much more formal and 'encyclopedic' tone than what we're planning, just like wikipedia, but the admin is going to create a separate 'category' for our new content that will be called something like 'rhetoric: topic' rather than just 'topic', this will also feature on the frontpage much like the encyclopedic content. As a tenplate, I'd like you to feast your eyes on these pages which someone on leftypedia already made (albeit only on their personal userspace for now).


I'd like to ask if anyone can come up with a slightly more catchy name for our new section than 'rhetoric', cause that sounds a bit cumbersome to me even though I came up with it, so yeah, open to suggestions.

So, since that isn't implemented yet, I'd like you all to try familiarise yourselves with the site for now, maybe take a look at the articles that are already there and improve some of them if you feel able. Unfortunately the site currently has only edit by approval so you will have to wait for any changes you make to be approved, this is because of a persistent spambot problem and I hope that we will be able to work out something to change this to normal editing as on wikipedia and the like, please just bear with it for now.

If you have an answer to a 'common question', or you have an effortpost you'd like to archive and save, then please post it in this topic for now so that we can work on it together until we can figure out how to categorise our new section of the site.

Thanks for your attention!
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leftypedia is not connecting again, mods the hell is going on?


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Now its back online. I feared the server'd died again or something.


Can somebody explain this article to me? (Don't just say it's great or shit. Try to summarize it first in case I got this wrong.) My impression of what it says:
1. Two different types of commodities are produced in two places. Despite the products being different, both places have the same costs for wages plus other stuff, and the same profit rate. The two places sell to each other.
2. Then the group of workers in one place but not the other achieve that their wages are raised.
3. Because profit rate are equal everywhere (that would be news to me), the boss running the place with the increased wages just increases the price and now the workers in this place are exploiting the workers in the other place.

If the boss can get away with demanding a higher price, why not just do it anyway no matter what the wages are? I don't see why higher wages would be a necessary cause for rising the price, unless the boss is a humble fellow who never wants more than the average profit rate, which I don't think is a realistic assumption about members of the boss class. (Not that people like that can never exist anywhere, but they filter out themselves by acting that way.) The position argued in the article seems to be identical to the position of citizen Weston in this lecture by Marx: https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1865/value-price-profit/ch01.htm Am I wrong about this?


Site is dead again


These are becoming popular among small independent communist groups that want to investigate material issues and publish their findings and theses. They can also pseudonymize writers and put the focus on subjects first and foremost, akin to how imageboards detract from online personalities at least to the extent where fetishization is minimal and ignored if ever pushed by anyone.

Here's a decent Toronto area one that I've been reading:
Program wise, they're a little too Maoist, and it seeps into elements of their investigations obviously, but it's a good concept and spirit in vague.
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I read "Sorghum and Steel" and it was nothing of the sort you described. A historical survey of the Mao period with a sort of ultra-left perspective


lol you do realize “ultra-left” is just a snarl word and means nothing right


You know what I mean though right? Tendencies like communization and that sort who had their origin in thinkers of the left opposition in the USSR at that time, so not completely without meaning



This isn't what u r looking for but I love reading theses and notes on developments and whatnot from people on the ground. It's not as theoretical and this stuff doesnt get published as often as from small working groups, but they're very good sources nonetheless. This is from WFTU, so they're active on the ground but not for the primary purpose of making theory. Go to any serious communist party/org's website and theyll have theses, statements, and so on published. This is a very good way to see what developments are around the world, and from the perspective of other communists and labor organizers.


"Notes from Below is a publication that is committed to socialism, by which we mean the self-emancipation of the working class from capitalism and the state. To this end we use the method of workers’ inquiry.

Written contributions are divided into three types: “Inquiry” which involves original research into class composition; “Bulletins” written for and by workers and militants; “Theory”, perspectives on working class struggle from the most advanced and relevant parts of theoretical debate, or pieces about the historical co-development of class struggle and capitalist exploitation. "

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