It was a good thing, the samurai were fucking dogshit, they could hack you to death in the streets for shit as retarded as not bowing in their presence, fuck them
Why do they look black?
Well, before the Finno-Korean Hyperwar, everyone on Earth was black.
It wasn't until the old world was shattered with nuclear hellfire that melanin-deficiency began to afflict people.
Korea and East Korea (now Japan) were some of the single blackest, darkest places on the planet, but obviously that changed after the hyperwar.
There was then a concerted effort over the course of thousands of years for the melanin-deficient to exterminate the melanin-enhanced individuals within Japan, and the East in general.
These are some of the very last melanin-enriched East-Asians ever witnessed, the Imperial Japanese finished the job once-and-for-all, thus eliminating the Kuronipponjin.
Oh, also it's a shitty old photograph.
Because they were, wh*te boi. Glorious niggon steel folded over 9000 times.
The samurai's obsession with honor and pride was a hollow facade. They were just warlord bandits who controlled everything with violence and often killed at whim, at least prior to the Tokugawa Shogunate which resulted in the Edo Period and was a time of relative peace and prosperity in feudal Japan.
During the Edo period the samurai, with no people to fight and no lords to die for (other than the Shogun who already controlled everything), produced lots of neat art and poetry and had a weird fixation with the corruption of money and hatred of merchants. Of course that all went away with the bourgeois revolutions which became increasingly necessary as both commercialization and the power of the merchant class increased.
The Meiji Restoration was only a good thing in the sense that it accelerated industrialization. Industrialization however is a mixed bag during its period of adoption in every country. During the periods of rapid industrialization peasants are displaced into the cities and become less self sufficient although they have more access to material goods they're still piss poor and work in horrendous conditions. I guess it was good as the rapid industrialization of the Meiji period gave Japan some measure of productive independence from the West, although that was destroyed when they lost WWII.
They weren’t created by Yakub
Well it goes as it goes.
Capitalism is a more progressive historical force over Feudalism.
As Feudalism was over the Slave-Empire.
And as Socialism will be over Capitalism.
Meiji restoration was in a sense 'bad' for the peasants as Capitalism deprecates their class as the Proletariat begin to rise,
but beyond a certain point Proletariat life is superior to peasant life,
and the peasants in Japan lived particularly rough with the autism of the samurai.
Various samurai and feudal elements formed into the zaibatsu- corporate monopolies- so it was a step forward in similarity how the West has gone forward. There's so much more to go.
Lol I think it's the limitation of the photography technique
I think it is a black & white photo that someone colored the clothing, map and weapons.
I think it's better to compare it to the oligarchical revolutions that overthrew Greek "tyrants" during the classical period. The Shogunate was a highly centralized government answering to one person. While that person was himself abusive, he kept the forces of other would-be oligarchs in check through an iron fist. When the Meiji "restoration" happened, they didn't really trade one ruler for another ruler by giving the emperor all the power. Instead much of the same traditional observations of the emperor's power were restored while a massively corrupt republican government formed. Instead, these oligarchs of the shogunate era who had previously been kept somewhat in check were unleashes on the lower classes and a massive frenzy of competition (at workers' expense) through the markets and government between these new emerging oligarchs ensued.
>>1855>It marked the upper class revolution that caused the samurai feudal system to transition into a capitalist system
Wrong take. The samurai were the upper class in this period, and the Boshin war which preceded the Meiji restoration, as well as the Satsuma rebellion which is traditionally seen to mark the decline of that class, was led on both sides by the samurai. The Meiji restoration was not so much a social revolution as it was a political conflict between two regional and ideological sections of the samurai over who which of them would get to lead Japan through its transition into the global capitalist economy. Because at this point that transition was already well under way and had been inevitable since the moment the emerging capitalist economies to the west began expanding abroad.
The consequences of the Meiji restoration then is not so much whether Japan would undergo that transition or not, or whether the samurai class would decline - because that was gonna happen either way, and there's no saying whether a reformed shogunate would have done something similar - but rather what role Japan itself would have in that transition and what its position in the world would be afterwards. Historically, that position was as the sole, sovereign industrial power in the orient.
So the question is not so much whether the Meiji restoration was good or bad for the peasants, but whether it was better for the common folk of a country in this period to be a subject of a sovereign and industrial region of the capitalist world economy, or a colonised or exploited one. The answer to that is fairly obvious.>Which ultimately turned into a racist imperialist empire that tried to invade and oppress all of its neighbors in Asia in a sort of fascist system, and as Japan lost the war the people starved and suffered greatly
Unless you're a hardcore historical determinist, that outcome was not prewritten by the events of the Meiji restoration, and it's a silly way of thinking about history. There are a lot more factors involved in what happened than simply this or that emperor coming into power a hundred years ago.>I just found this photograph btw. Samurai didn't look nearly as impressive as I thought they would, and that hairdo is "objectively ugly."
That's because the image of samurai that you have been given is that of the armoured, fighting samurai, back when this class was expected to form the main fighting force of an army, and deliberately pictured as people with great power and martial strength, whereas what you see in the picture are regular people with archaic - and to you, silly - dress and hair.
As for "ugly", that is subjective. To them and many others in that society, that hair and dress had special significance and marked them as members of a social elite. I'm sure some of them would have found your hair equally ugly.
I can't seem to find any good Marxist works on Japanese history, but it seems difficult to find any manner of Communist Japanese literature in English.
It seems what there is in Japanese is woefully undertranslated to English.
There are only even two Japanese authors on the Japanese marxists.org lang-section.
The Chinese language version of the site actually has a few more, though some of the Chinese translations of Kobayashi also seem to have Japanese in them and alternative page-to-page.
I think the first two deal more with theory and history, but much of the works from the Japanese are proletarian literature.
Tosaka Jun: https://www.marxists.org/nihon/tosaka/index.htm
Yamakawa Hitoshi: https://www.marxists.org/nihon/yamakawa/index.htm
Kobayashi Takiji: https://www.marxists.org/chinese/reference-books/kobayashi-takiji/index.htmhttps://www.marxists.org/chinese/reference-books/kani-koosen-2009/index.htm
Tokunaga Sunao: https://www.marxists.org/chinese/reference-books/tokunaga-sunao/dyz1928-1929/index.htm
Maybe you can work from these to scour for English lang translations?
The English marxists.org doesn't even have any of the Japanese authors, so I assume these would not be easy pdfs to come by even if translations exist.
Japanese history is already a fairly niche field in the english-speaking world, and I wouldn't be surprised if there aren't any english-speaking marxist historians who have written much about this period.
It could either be because
1) The photograph and the lighting makes them look darker
2) They were more exposed to outdoors and sunlight back in those days constantly so there skin tanned over constant UV exposure
3) Were Okinawan or some shit
4) Mixture of all the above
I'm really uneducated about Japanese history. But wasn't Japan in a state of disarray before the Meiji empire? It's my understanding it paved the way for some form of democracy at least.
Appropriating this as the general Japanese thread.
Anyone here with a good understanding of Japanese history (and likely the language),
could you explain the February 26th Incident and Kita Ikki?
It seems that they genuinely were critical of Capitalism from what I've gleaned, but they were like unironic Nazbols?
As in they didn't even necessarily deem themselves Fascists, but a Marxist outgrowth more Marxist than the Communists.
Kind of like Anti-Euro-Imperialist Pan-Asian-Imperialist Social-Fascist Nazbol Communists with characteristics of Esperantism?
Who disliked the Reactionary Imperialism of the Japanese Bouj, but wanted to do their own 'Progressive' Imperialism?
That's how it seems to me upon a light reading of what's easily visible in English, once again if anyone is actually knowledgeable I'd appreciate some input.
Bumping with the hope someone will answer these questions.
You can fold over this dick 9000 times boi!
Does anyone know the origin of the "the jew fears the samurai" video?
I better not catch you talking shite about mah nigga Hijikata.
Fucking Satchou bastard.
As a period of rapid industrialisation, is the Meiji Restoration comparable to the early years of Soviet industrialisation?
What's the true story behind this picture?>>1879
Yeah, it's the faces, I think. I don't know if the women are European or Japanese.
Nationalist kills Communist with a sword so Japan can be safe for American business interests.
>>1874>>1875>February 26th Incident and Kita Ikki
Contrary to what might be promulgated in contemporary historeography with relation to the attempted coup, there was no particular unique quality to the coup of the 26th of February. A small and particularly well-acquainted junior officers corps was gleaned from imperial staff college in an atmosphere of profound fear for the possibility of Japan falling into the sphere of influence of European powers as a suzerainty (being a colony was not likely). What ended up occurring was a common manifestation of a powerful factional trend in the military of Imperial Japan within which the totalizing philosophy of Ikki was popular - a buildup in popularity largely predicted by the enacted prescripts of the 'Imperial Rescript on Education', which itself was created in the wake of The Freedom and Peoples Rights era. Popular conceptions of a national identity were constructed on the basis of anti-western Imperialism, common identification with Asian states and peoples, and a collaborationism between labor and state-backed firms, national and privatized. Examples of the relative friendly demeanor towards central planning and Marxist trends in economics comes from their implementation in the Manchurian expansions (particularly in the state credit backed Mantetsu railway company). There was very little to differ on between the military hardliners and the class of Japanese bourgeoisie in the Zaibatsu, but for that the necessary social control needed to enact major imperial restructuring in Asia would impair the capacity of domestic capital to freely reproduce itself.
The idea of a 'progressive' imperialism at work is most definitely a contemporary reading, as there was certainly no real progressive element to economic vassal-ization or being subject to gross and flagrant imperial aggression. The instances of critique of Capatalism that seem so particularly genuine is in the (recently rehabilitated amongst leftists) abhorrence of the characteristic 'decadence' of 'western capitalism', which threatened the proper organization of the state, its institutions, and the general social polity (known by the amalgam term of the Kokutai). Differentiation between the ideological prerogatives of the military factions, civilian ultranationalists, liberals, and other contemporaneous groups in Imperial Japan (particularly from late Meiji onwards) is definitely a meaningful and worthwhile undertaking, but in making more than tactical or analytical distinctions, we should not take the 'progressive' imperialists at their word. It was simply vying for a seizure of power by a hegemonic military structure, and they were overtly and passionately anti-communist in any and every meaningful capacity.
Rightcuckoldry, the highest form of cuckoldry
Kenzaburo Oe wrote a book (divided in two parts) about him, and it's impossible to find in Japan AFAIK because fascists threatened his editor.
>>1887>Kenzaburo Oe wrote a book
What's it called?
The first part is called Seventeen, the second part is Seiji shōnen shisu (death of a young militant), I'm not sure if this one was translated in English.
Would you mind elaborating on that?
Whilst lurking /pol/ I've seen posts highlighting how this bloke "saved" Japan from communism, but in typical /pol/ fashion it was mostly vague.
JP fascists are huge bootlickers that complain about chinese, koreans and Japanese that disagree with the government but are totally fine with US troops raping Japanese girls and dealing drugs.
Classic example of Schrodinger's nationalism, killing the actual anti-globalists in the name of US hegemony
The samurai hairdo wasn't supposed to look cool, it was to make it easier to distinguish them from the commoners, just like monks who shaved their heads.>The truth is those were just people belonging to a class with the monopoly of armed force and many of them were piss poor.
Same for samurai. Many of them received only a meager salary eroded by inflation and had little to no chance for a promotion. Those a bit more fortunate made money thanks to their artistic skills, like Hiroshige.
I re-read my own post and it comes across as confusing. In truth, I wasn't pointing to the haircut, more to the general fact they didn't look like some kind of Hollywood supermacho depiction. Also, I was talking about western knights throughout - the Lord of the Rings reference it's an obvious nod to western fantasy
- and how they would have looked equally scrumpy except for the last sentence that you qouted where I'm referring back to Japanese warriors, even though the same concept could apply to western knight, thus the understandable confusion.
Btw, in the last centuries of their existence, plenty of merchants were effectively richer and more influential than them and often unattached, wandering warriors would be hired as bodyguards by them. Also, people with money could buy influence and corrupt functionaries and even though they were officially lower in the social hierarchy, they were immensely better off.
>>1895>The samurai hairdo wasn't supposed to look cool, it was to make it easier to distinguish them from the commoners, just like monks who shaved their heads.
Looking at it I suspect it's actualy for cushioning a helmet
It was born for this reason, but it soon became a status symbol. IIRC, Oda Nobunaga was criticized because when he was young he refused to arrange his hair in a top-knot.
I've always been convinced that the shaved pate shit was all about powerful old men with male-pattern baldness projecting their look onto young men to make them seem indistinguishable from them.
That's… oddly specific.
In the aftermath of WWII, much of the old left in Japan found itself born again through a combined opposition to US Imperialism. 1960 was a very important year, as there was intense debate over the Anpo Treaty. The treaty itself was originally ratified in 1951, but proposed revisions in 1959 would have allowed for the construction of more US military bases on the Japanese mainland. All of this was being done in the name of "mutual cooperation and security" in East Asia, with the United States as its caretaker. The leftist opposition that Inejiro Asanuma was a part of pointed out that this revision clearly called into question Japan's sovereignty, and held mass demonstrations against its inclusion. This was a big deal: trade unions, student organizations and political parties alike were united under the one goal of stopping this treaty from being signed.
Inejiro Asanuma was a member of the Japan Socialist Party, which in the 1958 general election had gained a large enough majority in the National Diet to stop Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi (Shinzo Abe's grandfather) from amending Article 9 of the the constitution, which would have otherwise greatly expanded the powers and capabilities of the newly formed JSDF (albeit under US tutelage). The Japan Socialist Party was social democratic in nature and thus popular with a certain segment of the voting population, and overshadowed the Japanese Communist Party, who had experienced setback after setback during the immediate post-war American occupation. Inejiro Asanuma became a high profile figure in the Anti-Anpo movement, and was outspoken in his support for Maoist China. This angered right wing groups like the Great Japan Patriotic Party, of which Otoya Yamaguchi was a member.
Here's the thing, though: Otoya Yamaguchi assassinated Inejiro Asanuma months after the Anpo Treaty was ratified. Nobusuke Kishi bamboozled the National Diet into voting for the treaty while
they were still debating it. His home as well as the National Diet would later get raided by Zengakuren, who, among thousands of other demonstrators, were justifiably angry at his blatant manipulation of the democratic process. For many radicals in Japan, the Anti-Anpo Movement was a testament to the impotence of party politics, and also served as a catalyst for their very own New Left. Another thing to consider is that material conditions were on the rise, which had given way to a renewed sense of nationalism among others. This bolstered right wing groups, who placed a hard emphasis on militarism and would have stopped at nothing to preserve the Chrysanthemum Throne, the oldest monarchy in the world.
/pol/tards love to ham up this assassination as if it single-handedly saved Japan from a communist revolution, when that could not be further from the truth. The revolution was already dead; killed by liberals just a few months prior, who have more or less ruled Japan under a "one-and-a-half party system" since 1955.
That would make sense if male-pattern baldness was more common among Japanese men, but for some reason it's very rare in Japan compared to the West.
Japan has the highest male pattern baldness in all of Asia, over 25% of males experience it.
Uh, strange. In my year in Japan I didn't really notice. In my country is like 39% so it's way more common.
In Japan I've only see older men with male pattern baldness, while here is common even among younger people.>t. started suffering from male pattern baldness at 19>>1904
He was a visionary.
Even if that were the case, between the US and China one is certainly more gaijin than the other.
It is part of a video series made by Haku Zynkyoku, a weird Japanese fascist occultist.
ok thats pretty based
It's said that when he was young he refused to adopt the top-knot of the samurai and dressed in a very eccentric manner, that's why everyone thought he was a fool.
Oh right, that guy.
Complete fucking nutjob.
>>1901>killed by liberals
Why, of course.
Ikko Ikki should've won, easily the most progressive social force at the time and place
I had hopes not to see this expression outside altright circles.
Neo-Nazis have an obsession with Japan in general because they see Japan as an example of a successful ethnostate and because of Japan's past alliance with fascist Germany and Italy. Fun fact: There is a semi-popular far right youtuber named Black Pigeon Speaks that constantly talks about how immigrants are destroying the West but he himself is an immigrant that lives in Japan
It's cool how they always seem to ignore how Abe made it easier to import cheap labour from SEA while the JCP was against it.
He insists on calling himself an "expat" rather than immigrant, trying to distance himself from the connotations he and his ilk have attached to the latter.
Nazis only like Japan because anime and because Japan, to be frank, is a non-entity in the stage of world politics.
For them it's a quirky sight, a curiosity and somewhat like a cute pet they don't mind having around. If Japan were the size of China and had its steadily-growing amount of power, they wouldn't be so kind towards it, by which I mean "at all".
And much like Germany's alliance with Japan was purely out convenience rather than genuine racial affinity (will they ever shut up about "Honorary"?) and had to be constantly micromanaged ("Nazi Racism Toward the Japanese" goes into this), so is their "love" for Japan, which seems to have its most apparent use as club for bashing other non-white races over the head.
By the time Inejiro Asanuma was assassinated, the LDP already had a five year majority in the National Diet. His death was akin to desecrating a corpse and calling it victory. Sure, things might have been different had he survived, but not by much. The things he represented were antithetical to the kind of militancy that would come under Zengakuren.
At some point I dont know if you will find a solid link between right wing beleifs and Japanese aesthetics that neatly tie the two together. Anime shit is popular in all sorts of fringe communities and groups online. I think maybe it boils down to Japan being the seconf largest media market/producer in the world, yet still decidedly 'Asian.' This means there is a ton of content and it is relatively easy to access, but it still presents as exotic or different (to Americans, at least)
Well, this is the only book I can found right now: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01C7QWJP8/
Can anyone verify how much of this article is actually true? I'm not a japan expert but the TL;DR is that much of the stereotypes about Samurai being honorable warriors and loyal to the death was fiction made up after the fact and used by the Japanese government as propaganda for the west and to justify their own imperial rule during WW2
Bushido was used to indicate the qualities that a true warrior was supposed to have, but of course each samurai interpreted it differently. The sengoku era was full of betrayals, turncoats and less than honorable individuals, but with some notable exceptions. Hell, Tokugawa won the battle of Sekigahara thanks to a traitor who switched side DURING the battle.
During the edo period samurai didn't see much figthing and they started to stagnate as a class while merchants and artisans became richer and more prominent, Bushido became a way for samurai to remind to others and to themselves that they were still better than everyone else.
But you'd think that a group so apparently committed to the cause of white supremacy would have some reservations towards an entertainment medium like anime (and some indeed do; seeing them fling shite at each other over the subject isn't too rare).
I'm sure places likes /pol/ and the like have their fair share of people that are just trying to be edgy but, still, it's a little too prevalent to not at least raise some eyebrows.
that couldn't be further from the truth : the JCP was first a stalinist party with links to moscow, but was the first communist party to get his independence from the USSR during the 60's
A lot of neo-nazis fantasize about the late Showa era for the same reason they fantasize about 1980s America.>>1929
You're right; Showa nostalgists are fervently anti-otaku while often being otaku themselves.
In the years 1894, 1900, and 1925 - The Japanese imperial government promulgated a series of laws known collectively as the ‘Peace Preservation Laws’. These laws were principally concerned with frustrating the organization of union, socialist, anarchist, and communist organizations for threatening the ‘Kokutai’.
In the deepening imperial relations of the country, the Army expedition in China typified the extreme nationalism that came to be the emblem of this era in modern times. However, at this time, the Japanese government actively courted the inclusion of leftists in critical organizations such as the Showa Kenkyukai and Mantetsu. Even the most well-understood imperialist concept, the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere was the (nominal) conception of a Marxist intellectual.
Why was the concept of Tenkō so critical for the Imperial authorities and structure at this point, when they had publicly declared these political elements to be traitorous? Why did they play such a massive role in an empire which they actively rejected in theory?
Another interesting trend to account for in the nascent communist politics that existed in the Empire was the split between Rono-ha and Koza-ha factions, the former being an independent program arguing that Japanese material conditions had progressed to the state of embodying contemporary bourgeois property relations while the latter was a faction borne out of the support of the Soviet Union and the Third Internationale (Comintern) that stated that the Japanese Empire existed in semi-feudal conditions, owing to the oligarchical structure and foundations of the Meiji Restoration, and was thus an unfeasible thought to advocate for socialist development before a bourgeois revolution had taken place. The Koza-ha dominated JCP is what we know today as the Japanese Communist Party. Especially in the post-war era, they suffered renewed surveillance by the American occupational force, and were subject to the geopolitical weal of the other socialist states, to the detriment of the health of the party and the independent Japanese socialist tradition.
Would love to hear peoples thoughts about these questions and considerations.
Sorry for any bad english.
Damn thats really intresting. Can you go a bit deeper as too what exactly was done to sabotage the communist party?
Also japanease commie infighting seems to be a meme but was it really that serious ?
>>1855>I just found this photograph btw. Samurai didn't look nearly as impressive as I thought they would,
What the fuck kind of retarded statement is that? That photograph looks like every depiction of every samurai ever. If you want photos of samurai in armor search for that.>and that hairdo is "objectively ugly."
>Was the Meiji restoration and "restoring power to the emperor" a good or bad thing in 18th century Japan for the peasants?
That's a very ambiguous and open ended question.>It marked the upper class revolution that caused the samurai feudal system to transition into a capitalist system.
Why are you calling it the samurai feudal system? Have you read anything about this subject. Is the fucking Daimyo and Shogun system. Samurai are just high ranking soldiers.
>hey could hack you to death in the streets for shit as retarded as not bowing in their presence, fuck them
Not just could: did on a regular basis. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiri-sute_gomen
They enforced this rule on a British merchant https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namamugi_Incident
and the British blew up a whole town in retaliation:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Kagoshima
They also tested their swords on random people.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsujigiri
Tsujigiri (辻斬り or 辻斬, literally "crossroads killing") is a Japanese term for a practice when a samurai, after receiving a new katana or developing a new fighting style or weapon, tests its effectiveness by attacking a human opponent, usually a random defenseless passer-by, in many cases during nighttime. The practitioners themselves are also referred to as tsujigiri.
>>1937>what was done to sabotage the communist party
I can talk about two specific respects in which the movement was externally hindered.
1. Threatening or even SEEKING TO ALTER the existing state structure and institutions, as well as the nebulous ideology that backed the monarchy as symbol and origin of state power, known collectively under the term 'Kokutai', was made a punishable offense of up to ten years hard labor. This was 1925, in the Taisho-jidai, and a cap on the events of the Anarchist-Communist cooperative agitation that had taken place since the 'Freedom and People's Rights' movements of the turn of the century - capping freedom of speech, assembly, and economic redress of grievances. These legal justifications were a post-hoc resolution of what had existed as material policy for many years before, that of violent coercion or defections. The existing structure of the Empire was most definitely aggressive and exploitative (internally and in foreign policy), but the faux anti-imperialist rhetoric, combined with rapid expansions of extralegal force and threat against intellectuals and agitators, led to a precipitous drop in open identification with the party. This certainly muted its effect in the turbulent Taisho democratic era, and the work of notable figures in Marxist economics and other adjacent figures in 'proletarian'-linked social spheres did much to exacerbate the general political campaign against the communists/anarchists.
2. Foreign interference in the party policy and affaires of the early JCP. The clandestine and furtive union of left factions that comprised the early JCP fielded a great wealth of theoretical contribution and debate on the conditions and requirements of socialist agitation in Japan happened to be, unfortunately, contemporaneous to the late 1920's consolidation and unified line of the pre-eminent international organization for communist parties, the Comintern. The demands of the fraternal socialist forces, predominantly the Soviet Union, to exemplify a line of thought that would place prominence on good relations with the CPSU and USSR, rebuke ideas of immediate organization or seizure of state institutions or power, cultivate additional 'right' thought and theory did much to drive a wedge in the party and jeopardize its already threatened legitimacy. The precarious nature of attaining monetary or materiel backing assured that the Koza-ha (Soviet backed faction, 'lecture' is its name) would predominate over any opposition group and could effectively control party politics. The expelled or disillusioned persons of the opposition faction Rono-ha (labor-farmer) were marginalized, purged, or left the party. This was primarily over a simple distinction of what form of capitalist property relations constituted the Japanese Empire at that time. The JCP, under Koza-ha, continued to suffer reprisals by the Tokkō, a special police auxiliary, but emerged from the war as perceived vindicated by the general malaise with war and militarism. Unfortunately, the Korean War came and further demands placed on the party by the Soviet Union and China to actively disrupt the American war effort by sabotage had failed to account for the atrophy of previous policy in the party. Already suspect by American occupation authorities, despite professed legality, the JCP would suffer schism and debilitating loss of confidence in its lack of independent program and reliance only on the legitimacy of Empire-era dissident status. This gradual effacement plagues the party even today, as the party does little meaningful work beyond cursory education.
Sorry that took very long to write. The party does good work, too, but times are bleak.
I want to caution, in the case of the two Edo-era incidents, that you too closely associate them with the general trend of the time, being that archival records and data are decidedly incomplete before the late 18th century. For the incidents you've brought up, it is important to mention the context of location (Satsuma Domain) and the time (1862). The promulgation of the unequal treaties of opening, which allowed western powers trading rights in select economic ports as well as preferential purchasing power/subsidies/extraterritoriality profoundly threatened the economic exclusivity previously enjoyed by Satsuma and Chōshū Domains, who, as primary conduits for Rangaku-related materials and western imports, controlled a great deal of influence that was suddenly threatened by Tokugawa Bakufu releasing all previous trade regulations. This, combined with the nationalistic uproar that perceived subjugation by Western powers (akin to the dreaded Opium war) was a profound threat to national sovereignty and the solvency of the existing polity. This lead to the emperor, largely a figurehead, to issue mock-abrogation of the treaties and to try to interfere with Shogunal policy. This was the basis of Sonnō-Jōi (Revere Emperor and Expel Barbarians), a nationalist-populist movement which helped catalyze the incident you're talking about.
Interesting fact is the British would then ally with and supply materiel to the Satsuma-Chōshū forces, the supposedly nationalist faction, against the Tokugawa Bakufu, who was aided by the French Empire. >>1940
This 'Tsujigiri' was more a relic of the warring period, Sengoku, than of the Edo period. The social relations that persisted, at least in their orientation, were much different in the context of the Meiji Restoration (1867) than in the end of this period of time (~1602). Samurai, as a class, began to disintegrate with use of military modernization, though many of the samurai-class would feature prominently in Meiji oligarchy (1867-1889)
>>1942>I want to caution, in the case of the two Edo-era incidents, that you too closely associate them with the general trend of the time, being that archival records and data are decidedly incomplete before the late 18th century.
I dunno what this statement is supposed to mean. Are you saying that they didn't enforce Kiri-Sute-Gomen before that time?
Good information, and I'm aware of a lot of this stuff and more because I was once writing a story that partly took place in Japan during these years. I even have this obscure Harvard Press book on the period because I wanted to get some detailed information about the relations with France and England that weren't available online.
>This was the basis of Sonnō-Jōi (Revere Emperor and Expel Barbarians), a nationalist-populist movement which helped catalyze the incident you're talking about.
Nah they just killed him for disrespect in that particular moment.
>Japanese reports accused Richardson of continuing to ride in the middle of the road, even trying to get between Shimazu's litter and his bodyguards. In Japan, the samurai had a legal right known as kiri-sute gomen which allowed them to kill anyone of a lower class for perceived disrespect, which would have justified the killing by Shimazu's retinue. The Japanese instanced Eugene Van Reed, an American who had dismounted and bowed before a daimyō's train, as evidence that the insolent attitude of the Britons (who did not dismount) caused the incident. Van Reed's conduct had appalled the Western community, who believed that Westerners should hold themselves with dignity before the Japanese, being at least the equal of any Japanese person. There were also later suggestions that Richardson whipped Chinese people while horseback riding in China, and according to the Japan Herald "Extra" of Tuesday 16 September 1862, he had been heard to say just before the incident, "I know how to deal with these people". Richardson's uncle was reportedly not surprised about his nephew's demise, but blamed him for being reckless and stubborn.
Also second incident was a direct result from the first and the limeys stopped shooting at them like fish in a barrel as soon as they paid up:>Satsuma however later negotiated and paid £25,000 (which they borrowed from the bakufu and never repaid, due to the fall of the bakufu in 1869 and its replacement by the Meiji administration). They never produced or identified Richardson's killers, but despite this, the reparation received was enough to obtain an agreement by Britain to supply steam warships to Satsuma.
So yes the surrounding historical context is interesting but both of the incidents are straight forward. Japanese feudal culture practices KSG on anybody, be they peasant or foreign merchant. Brits aren't about to let savages kill one of theirs without one-upping them.
Ah, forgive me then. I did not read closely enough the articles provided.
The GEACPS fascinates me in the way it deploys anti-colonialist talking points and ideas to justify imperial expansion. I had no idea about the Marxist origins of the term though. Who is the intellectual you refer to?
The intellectual was an anti-militarist fellow traveller named Miki Kiyoshi (三木 清). The Showa Kenkyukai was a much more 'social and cultural' theory oriented organization to say those that dealt with the realpolitik of the empire. They were primarily a repository of meaningful theoretical background for state decisions, though they also made proposals for state-oriented planned economies, which largely points to their Marxist composition. The issue primarily being that these intellectuals were wholly beholden to the educational purview of the Imperial Japanese Empire and its authorities for academic review - though they could also have been true believers in the cause, themselves.
>>1904>burning peasant rebels holed up in a monastery alive
not epicnagashino was kinda epic though. just a little
Does anyone know where the "the Jew fears the Samurai" meme came from?
Crazy Japanese conspiraboomer Zynkyoku Haku
Yes, it was a progressive revolution from above, which is also characteristic to Russia, of Peter the Great and Catherine.
Japan, eventually, turned into what it was under the influence of European Imperialism.
>>1869>The Chinese language version of the site actually has a few more, though some of the Chinese translations of Kobayashi also seem to have Japanese in them and alternative page-to-page.
A major medium of Marxist and Western concepts in China were translations from the Japanese, and the other one was translation from the French, as somehow the French Chinese diaspora was at the center of leftist movement.
Mao himself read Japanese translations and authors early on.
Most anime have escapist, idealistic elements. It arose after the 60s which had the fall of the leftist student movements, with help from the CIA, and the fall of Japan's cinema industry. With Japan's suicide-inducing work and education culture, a lot of the settings of anime take place in some idealist high school setting before they have to enter the "real" world. It's no wonder it's pretty popular there and even among the rest of the capitalist world. The characters are usually super powerful, popular, have a beautiful, unrealistic romantic interest, or have a harem. Most of these are made by disillusioned Japanese Gen Xers, but obviously things haven't changed there so new creators keep the genre evolving with "isekai" getting really popular in the early 2010s. It's a word that literally translate to escaping to another world. This is in contrast to someone like Miyazaki, whose as a former Marxist reflect environmental justice and opposition to imperialism. So a lot of these same reactionaries praising the system also feel the need to consume anime for escapism.
Yeah I've noticed all these isekai lately, and so many of them literally involve the death of the main character.
They exist in the normal neoliberal hegemony world, but then they fucking die and everything's better cause they gone to fantasy land.
Fuck if that isn't the most miserable message imaginable: death is the only true escape.
Why are the working class in japan so cucked?
It's a corporative state occupied by the USA.
Because of a culture of class-collaborationism and service as well as the 60s-70s protests being crushed and capitalist consumerism and technological over-load leading to isolated selfish people who trust no-one.
Tell me about Japanese communist parties [b]today[/b].
Also, how far is Japan from a revolution?
Try to reach the horizon and see how far it is.
Old school Japanese Cinema > Anime that came after it
>>1953>It arose after the 60s which had the fall of the leftist student movements
How does this relate to Tezuka's obsession with Disney?
I vote that this thread go into /a/ when /a/ is made.
>Tezuka's obsession with Disney
The emperor and the samurai were actually black men, but the man doesn't want you to know that. It's the greatest story never told. Muhammad Fard talked all about this back in the day.
Teenage fascists on /pol/ are stupid and poorly-read when it comes to history. The anti-intellectual character of their ill-defined ideology leads them to unwittingly say and do shit that benefits undermines the causes they allegedly support. /pol/ Nazis and alt-right guys in general are provocative without being subversive, as their beliefs don't actually threaten established power.
Part of why I detest "trigger the libs" grifters like Ben Shapiro and Steven Crowder so much is that they portray themselves as counter-cultural renegades when in reality they're just defending the socio-economic status quo of neoliberal capitalism.
>>1966>Most Ghibli shit is escapist feel good stuff
Except it isn't? Isekai does not equal escapist. And just because some of them are more children oriented and thus more innocent (like Totoro) does not make this a universal rule. >all fictional stories are escapist
Yeah, no. This is the kind of PoMo shit I detest, stop using words you don't understand.
Why doesn't Japan have a bigger actual communist presence? I don't know of any active groups, and their country is capitalist hell.
Because their country is essentially a very big US aircraft carrier.
>>1969>Why doesn't Japan have a bigger actual communist presence
The Communist Party of Japan has the highest membership of any non-ruling communist party on earth, lmao, they're just cucked social democrats
" JCP IN FIGURES
Approximately 270,000 in 18,000 branches across the country.
Newspaper Akahata (Red Flag) was launched in 1928 and is now published in both daily and weekly editions, with a combined readership of about 1 million. It has correspondents in 5 cities around the world: Beijing, Hanoi, Cairo, Berlin and Washington, D.C.
Diet (parliament) members:
12 seats out of 465 seats in the House of Representatives (in the 2017 general election, the JCP received 4.4 million votes, or 7.91%) 13 seats out of 242 seats in the House of Councilors (in the 2019 election, the JCP received 4.48 million votes, or 8.95%).
Local Assembly Members:
The total number of JCP members in local assemblies is about 2662 (January 2020). "
That's why I asked about actual communists.
Which you define as?
Well Japan's laws due to their Fascists never really losing power are heavily anti-Communist.
Any party that would have an explicitly 'non-revisionist' visible party-line would immediately get broken up, its members imprisoned, and its associates surveilled.
Even as it stands, this Communist party that is basically SocDem gang (though Japanese Marxist tradition is weird and kind of its own thing) is heavily surveilled by the government.
The surveillance is not only an in-the-open fact, but is legitimized by Japanese law, as the Communist Party has 'ties to the terrorist North Koreans' by virtue of being Communist.
Many members of the party are quite well versed in theory, and certainly attempt to do what they can in the context of Japanese law; they aren't not 'real Communists.'
They aren't actually spineless SocDems who have faith in Bourgeois Democracy and Capitalism, but they do suffer a bit of 'CPUSA Syndrome' in that even gaining enough power to build up their power is highly illegal.
This results in the party being perceived as 'weak,' because it is weak; it's still the strongest party in the country, it's still serves as the best congregational organization for people with actually revolutionary views.
In any case, actual on-the-ground moves by the party are not the sort of thing to be easily viewable on baka gaijin English language clearspace.
Interesting, thank you
Looks like Japanese Clinton
Why does he look like he is made of wax in that picture?
>>1968>And just because some of them are more children oriented and thus more innocent (like Totoro) does not make this a universal rule.
What are you talking about? The only ones that aren't are Grave of The Fireflies and The Wind Rises.>Yeah, no. This is the kind of PoMo shit I detest, stop using words you don't understand.
I think you are the one who doesn't understand words friendo. Use a dictionary.
>>1980>The only ones that aren't are Grave of The Fireflies and The Wind Rises.
<What is Nausicaa
<What is Princess Mononoke
Just stop >Use a dictionary
unironically no u.
picture looks resized and softened.
>>1982>resized and softened
like a flaccid penis
Samurai also often had sex with young boys.
Forbidden colors is one of the worst books I've ever read.
Yes, the Japanese animation industry has roots in Showa fascist recuperation of Constructivist film theory (imported from the Soviet Union) to create Disney-like propaganda films. But this unifying principle crumbled in the post-war occupation; so much in fact, it's worth noting that Osamu Tezuka was once a member of the Japanese Communist Party, and many more animators were active in the New Left movement throughout the 1960s and 1970s. Fact is, the Japanese government specifically subsidizing animated film and television that promotes a "Cool Japan" to international audiences is still a pretty recent phenomenon. I'm talking within the past 10-15 years; 20 if you want to get technical. Japan in the 1990s alone was busy debating on whether or not anime turned you into a child rapist serial killer and caused mass epileptic seizures, so I have trouble accepting that it's all just "porky propaganda"
>Osamu Tezuka was once a member of the Japanese Communist Party
That's probably why Dororo's setting was so good, instead of romanticizing the samurai and their warlords he didn't shy away from showing the brutal realities commoners faced in feudal Japan during the sengoku period.
>>1988>Japan in the 1990s alone was busy debating on whether or not anime turned you into a child rapist serial killer and caused mass epileptic seizures
For those interested: search for "The Otaku Murderer" and "Electric Soldier Porygon Incident"
Yeah! Tezuka's politics can be hard to pin down though. He started his own magazine after seeing the success of Garo, which had become known for publishing another leftist ninja/samurai manga, Kamui Den and other more avant-garde stuff. Hell, judging by their respective publication dates, Kamui might have even influenced Tezuka to make Dororo, but I can't say for certain.
this is just a /jp/ LARP thread
Hmm, now I have to read Kamui Den.
Were you expecting a discussion about bushido? Zen? Martial arts?
Samurai worship is reactionary.
Ah well, that's fair.
Should this thread go on >>>/anime/
How bout both
Technically this would go to >>>/hist/ if that board existed. Instead it should go to >>>/edu/
THE THREAD THAT WILL NOT DIE
Mods please move this thread to either >>>/edu/ >>>/hobby/
It cannon die, or it will bring dishonor on our cow
>>3088>Koreans liberating Japan
Now that would be something to see
Reposting from the >>>/anime/
I have a question about Jiraiya Gouketsu Monogatari. Naruto made the character pretty well known and popular, however the original story is pretty old, and I was wondering how well known the character was in Japan prior to Naruto's popularization of him.
Besides the 1921 silent film (video 1 related)
I found the following references in media before Naruto got published
- Jiraiya- A character that appears in the novel " Jiraiya Ninpocho " by Futaro Yamada, which began serializing in September 1964 . A character with the name of Tsunade also appears in the work.
- Jikaminari也- 1966 publication of Toei of special effects era feature film " The Magic Serpent hero of". Tsunade also appears.
- Commander Jiraiya- A character that appears in the TV anime " Invincible Steel Man Daitan 3 " broadcast from June 1978 to March 1979 .
- Magnetic Raiya- The main character of Toei 's special effects drama " Sekai Ninja Sen Jiraiya, " which was broadcast from January 1988 to January 1989 .
- Jiraiya (read "Jiraia") The character in the Hudson game "Far East of Eden" series and the main character of the first game " Far East of Eden ZIRIA ". Characters with the names of Tsunade and Orochimaru also appear in the work.
- Jirayan- A character that appears in the TV anime "Karakuri Kengoden Musashi Road" that was broadcast from October 1990 to September 1991.
- Ninja Black Jiraiya- Ninja who appears in Toei's special effects drama " Ninja Sentai Kakuranger "broadcast from February 1994 to February 1995. A setting called the descendant of Jiraiya who appears in "Jiraiya Goketsutan".
Japan was a hyper feudalist society rivalling that of europe, the country was mostly subdued and revaltively peaceful so the warrior-aristocrat caste fell into irrelevancy and the petite-booj flourished which allowed it to transitition so well into capitalism but since petit-booj class intetest is conservative in the face of imperialism fascism would be its last stand in vain.christian_communismChristian Communism
I don't know how accurate the game "Ghost of Tsushima" is in portraying feudal Japan, but one thing they game highlights at the end is how the "cod of honor" of the samurai was a covert way for cementing the class rule of the Shogun. The MC gets sperged on by the Samurai throughout the game for not only being "without honor" but also for teaching the peasants to fight themselves and resist their "leaders". I can imagine this to have happened in a similiar fashion back then tbh
How bourgeois, or if not then "feudal remnant", was the Meiji Restoration anyways?
Didn't much of the caste of samurai get relegated to more typical "bourgeois" positions, deprived of feudal privileges, with only a superficial exaltation of their status so as to promote the bushido militarist stuff?
Are there any good books on this era about that?
It's not solely on this era, but Pierre François Souyri did a good job at explaining the overall path to modernity of Japan. I'm not sure if his books are translated in english tho.iwwIWW
Kek what a fantastical AU shitpost
Excellent Russian video analyzing the Dzaibutsu of Imperial Japan and how they brought about militarism in the country with economic analysis. This is part 2 of Imperial Japan from a dialectical analysis
Японский фашизм: дзайбацу by
Part I: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3pEf8SVNqI
Умри за Императора. Капитализм с самурайской спецификой.
Are there english subtitles?
I didn't check, but CC+translation works for these. If there aren't… then that's a damn shame because this video is probably the closest to a bulletproof historical video essay on the dialectics of Imperial Japanese socio-economics and ideology that I have seen. Literally no other work I know of has covered the subject in such expansive detail with marxist analysis.
The subtitles are in russian. You can translate them automatically, but you just get some google translate low quality translation. Well better than nothing I guess…
Minimata and the tragedy of the death factory covered by Suren
BadComedian 3 months ago (edited):
''Начал подготовку к обзору фильма ЧЕРНОБЫЛЬ и посмотрел картину про ещё одно загрязнение природы, а именно - про слив ртути и других вкусностей в залив Минамата.
Контора Chisso годами отравляла территорию Японии и уничтожала/уродовала живность, включая людей, несмотря на протесты. Фильм пытается раскрыть данный инцидент от лица уставшего от жизни журналиста Юджина Смита, который сделает исторический снимок "Томоко Уэмура в ванне" (искать в гугле), чем ещё больше привлечёт внимание к похуизму конторы Chisso.
Гнетущая атмосфера, поломанные судьбы, измученные дети и взрослые - всё это в фильме есть. Есть и история самого Юджина Смита, роль которого исполнил Джонни Депп. Хоть я и люблю этого актёра, но мне кажется, что на роль Юджина Смита он не очень подходит. Хотя опять же, имя Деппа привлекает внимание к самому фильму и это замечательно.
К сожалению фильм не расскажет о связях Chisso с якудза и не будет детального раскрытия давления на представителей протеста. Фильм задевает эту тему по касательной, а столько всего интересного в этой истории есть. Да и тему с фильтрами не особо раскрыли: контора Chisso поставила очистительные сооружения и заверила, что теперь вся вода, что попадает в залив, настолько чистая, что её пить можно! И её выпил сам глава компании… Но выяснилось, что пил он заранее налитую чистую воду, а фильтры вообще ничего не очищали.''
Если соберётесь смотреть, то в дополнение посмотрите ролик Сурена на эту же тему.
1. Фильм "Минамата" на ivi (в отечественном переводе "Великий") - https://www.ivi.ru/watch/250070
2. Ролик Сурена - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQGiG_Yg8fE&ab_channel=SUREN
Ah, sorry then. Can't help you there, CC isn't publically editable.
>>6994>discusses the navy heirarchy link
on the topic of the Japanese Navy - their doctrine, the Kantai Kessen (Japanese Decisive Battle Doctrine)
Drachinifel as a channel isn't 100% accurate (limited by English/Western sources) mostly in regards to the Soviet and Russian Navy, but outside of that is quite accurate and nuanced in his discussion.
I liked this comment joke >IJN: "Can't I kessen?" <USN: "No."
>be me, ancient japan
>loyal samurai to shogun Narutomon-no-Tamagochi bitchu kakarot
>im ordered by shogun Narutomon-no-Tamagochi bitchu kakarot to challenge his rival, daimyo Netoraremon doraemon (childhood name: Bukakemaru) of the Burrito Clan to a duel after learning that the daimyo's retainer did not bow the correct number of times to Narutomon's 14th concubine, the beautiful Sakura-no-Onshore isa hore
>knowing that this is a suicide, my brother the famous sword duelist ishakarunarumarubarugaruharu intervenes and begs lord Narutomon he should go instead.
>shogun agrees, he decides to send me on a diplomatic mission to the Korean small kingdoms of Baekje-Goguryeo
>He thinks that, due to both being successor states of Hanguk, they'll easily find some common ground for trade
>after Traversing the sea of japan,32 farms, and 502 mountains and valleys we arrive at their mountain palace
>Upon arriving, a court official of prince han-Ji-an says im required to strip butt naked and fight Dae Kok-in, one of their strongest wrestlers
>Exhausted from the strange Baekje-Goguryeo practice, I'm finally served some food
>A raw ear of rice, a bowl of water, and 2 grams of pork
>They act like it's a lot of food and expect me to praise their culinary arts
>I'm punched directly in the face due to smiling the wrong way
>I'm punched again, directly in the face due to crying the wrong way
>I send a letter back to the shogun, the letter reads as follows *fuck it let's conquer them*
>5 years pass, we got the shogunate seal of approval
>we engage at the battle of the Sanbadeamigo river,500 of us against the entire Baekje-Goguryeo kingdom
>shaman-god-queen Yamato-hi-Momose-Nagatoro-Ooki-na-Manko-Chinpo-wo-Tabete prophetizes a decisive victory as long as the warriors' arrows and spears are smeared with urine
>we fail to urinate on all the arrows in time and lose the first battle, but manage to control a coastal village.
>10 years pass, the shaman-goddess-queen has another vision in which a white snake god from Mount Katsumatsuratsu, claiming to be the son of Okuninushi, says that their victory will only come if she gets impregnated by a humble samurai and give birth months later
>after we successfully impregnated her, son Chinpo-wo-Tabete is born months later.
>we win the next battle, but withdraw from Korea after holy ming dynasty emperor dong bong hears of our invasion and demands shogun Narutomon to stop it.
>return to japan
>ask about my brother, the news strikes me
>he slew his opponent at the wataboto pass using the Housing Bubble Technique, thus inspiring the founding of the Kabushiki-Ryuu sect of Buddhist sword monks
>however, ishakarunarumarubarugaruharu later commits seppuku for having soiled his sword with 3 drops of blood instead of a perfectly clean cut, assured that the years of practice went for nothing, a disgrace for his family name.
>586 ashigarus follow their leader into death, this leads directly to the collapse of the kakarot shogunate 20 years later, when I arrived.
because that's a black and white picture with added arbitrary colors .
Annons, I've felt kinda lost recently. I'm also somewhat of an idiot thus I've been reading some really random shit. I found an read an early 1900s bushido code which was interesting. And apparently modern Japan still follows this. Anywho, any of you know where I can find more free reading on Bushido?
Anon, you know that 'bushido' thinking kinda led to Japan getting rolfstomped in WW2 right?
Bushido on paper is "noble" and all but in practice see the posts in >>8098
That said, here is a Japanese book on Bushido but it's in Russian so you'll have to use a translator
Its time for a story>emperor fōr-channū gets old and has to follow the shitoposto traditions by retiring to an old cave in the mountain of kekyama where he has to practice the old jutsu of masturbating with only two fingers for 14 years in order to gain the blessing of the kami of basedness, his title as emperor is later passed to his brother redditu, marking the beggining of the hōmō periode, famous for multiple suckings of the cock of china.>emperor redditu gets triggered by the rasengan clan because they paid him 69419 rice bags in tribute instead of the funi 69420 number, insults the diplomat of rasengan for this shamfur dispray, and orders him to commit sodouku 69420 times to retain the honor of his family, or have them all canceled from japan.>a giant civil war occure as many clans can no longer handle the emperor's bullshit.>then finally, after 25 years of chaos daimyo CHADIMOTO of the chinletO clan, with his wits, intelligence, the fact that he is the only one who knew how taxes work(the less the better) and a few muskets he bought from some dutch guy called "ver is mein willy", managed to BTFO all the other pleb clans, claims the title of SHOTGUN, and ousted the old emperor and replaced him with fōr-channū's son, ate channū, ending by that the long decade of chaos and normieness.>as a reward for returning order and prosperity to japan, ate-channū gifted the shotgun chadimoto with three gifts:<the title of /ourguy/.<centurii-chan as a bride for him.<a mysterious coin that can turn him into any race he ever wish to be
And that is the story of chadimoto chinleto, they all lived happily ever after, exept for redditū who escaped and swore to comeback for revenge someday.
The END. This is a joke post, don't be mad
>what's with the ancient Japanese and this gay haircut?
Supposedly this hairstyle was to keep the helmet in place, but that's kind of bullshit IMO. More likely people did this because japan has a culture of worshiping any authority figure so people shaved their heads as a sign of respect for their balding samurai boss: Male-pattern baldness had been common in Japan due to poor food availability, which is the reason Japanese people tended to be - and still are in some regards - smaller than average human size and often had fragile bones and poor tooth/jaw structure, after all there is good reason that depictions of feudal Japan in modern media like anime (pic 3 - Inuyasha) often feature balding farmers and bandits, but I digress.
TL;DR: Male pattern baldness was and remains pretty common in Japan, so a hairstyle that works with baldness has some practical purposes and became socially enforced.
This is also similar to Medieval Christian monks. https://archive.ph/WKEs0
Basics of Chonmage: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chonmage https://archive.md/XPmJE
Asia in general: https://archive.md/5c0qW
It was objectively a good thing for Japanese peasents as it made the country an industrialised imperialist capitalist state. Samurai rule was as evil and economically poor as it was in any feudalistic society.
I disagree with you when you say that they don't look impressive. I think it is also wrong to say their hairdo is objectively ugly. This is just chauvinism.
>>8738>This is just chauvinism
Just going to point out that this anon is correctly using the termin of chauvinism, especially in a leftist context, as contrasted to a lot of users that tend to spam the word on this site on everything they perceive to be offending to themselves in regards to an aspect of a culture.
Unique IPs: 15