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File: 1608528111161.jpg (332.53 KB, 2048x1280, sleeping-man-cropped[1].jpg)

 No.1660[Reply]

I am constantly feeling sleepy. I cant say wheter this is normal or not. Like, I dont know in which moment it becomes pathological.

I rather dont have serious issues if any at all when talking. I rarely go into internal monologues but when I do explain something I dont have significant problems. Thinking seems to work well in theory but I am somewhat unsecure wheter I dont think too slow too. In my life I rather had at least average intellectual abilities but when I deal with abstracts it doesnt work too well.

Whenever I do read something, no matter wheter it is philosophical, political or fictional work, I am getting tired very quickly which makes productive reading very hard for me. The fact that focusing and remembering stuff also seems to be generally hard for me doesnt help.

I can recall various things when I try but still its quite hard to go on with the reading for prolonged time. I can also comperhend the material quite well if I really slooowly study it, but it seems like I am getting way to slow than I should go with it. Whenever I try to read regularly I fail. I also have impression that reading on the pc is easier for me than reading real books, although when I read the digital books I get distracted easier.

I really think that I could read something with the interest if I wouldnt feel so fuuucking tired all the time, I dont do anything interesting anyway and I like theory.

I also lack motivation, but I think that I could overcome this if not the tiredness (Or perhaps I somewhat rationalize my lack of motivation with the tiredness problem).

So basically Id have few questions for you guys:

Did or do you have simillar situation to me? What could cause it? Is there any way to get rid of it or to cope with it?
Post too long. Click here to view the full text.

 No.1661

People are creatures of habit. Stick as much as possible to a fixed sleep schedule. Fix a time and spot for reading (not the bed). Don't set a goal in terms of reading X pages. Don't allow yourself to do anything else than reading during the special slot. It's either reading or doing nothing. Spacing out and staring at the wall counts as not doing anything so don't be mad at yourself for doing just that. Over time you will become more used to reading without interrupting yourself.

 No.1700

Things you might want to try:

1) standing desk
2) varying the time of day in which you read
3) stimulants (from coffee to adhd meds)
4) find discussion groups of something intellectually interesting in person (or uh places like here i guess)
5) change your diet, in particular try cutting out/reducing sugars
6) cut out other superstimuli like social media (or at least any with likes), vidya, porn
7) less ambitious works, scaffold up with wikipedia, etc
8) meditation
9) look into sleep hygeine if your sleep is off (bed only for sleep and sex, get up/go to bed at consistent times)

IMO if you throw these against the wall one or two is likely to be helpful, even if it doesn't solve your problem entirely.

 No.1702

>>1660
I used to imagine I was reading so I could sleep faster. It was such a sleeping pill that just the thought of reading made me drowsy.

It takes some time until your distracted mind can focus on the subject matter. The harder the reading is, the more time it takes.

You also need to form a habit of reading in general. You should also sit somewhere and not lay down. I've also tried just giving in and taking a nap, then when waking up, do my reading.

I've gotten much better at it.

>>1700
This is golden advice. 10/10



File: 1608528109463.jpg (969.3 KB, 2048x1365, 1592334125153.jpg)

 No.1644[Reply]

 No.1645

How does the stock market work? Am I wrong in assuming that it has no direct link with the earnings of companies? Earnings go down, people expect other people to sell so stocks go down? Is that literally it? Because that sounds insane even for capitalist standards.

 No.1647

>>1645
It’s the same thing as a share except you don’t get any power over capital from it, but it still gets its exchange-value from the company through regular stock buybacks that basically “back” the stock (similar to how you back a currency, except the stock itself is being backed by a currency)

 No.2938

>>1645
A company can raise capital by selling ownership shares to the public in the primary market (investors pay company). The public can then exchange shares on the secondary market (investors pay investors). People don't know how much a company is worth or is going to be worth so they take a guess on the price to sell their shares or to buy another's shares. This guess is partly based on news on the company and the economy in general. People are going to rush to buy shares if they think they're undervalued and the sellers are going to raise their prices to capitalize. People are going to trip over each other selling shares at reduced prices if they think they're undervalued. Minute-to-minute price changes reflect changes in people's estimation of a company's value.



File: 1608528106523.jpg (1.73 MB, 1956x2940, Nietzsche187c.jpg)

 No.1621[Reply]

Is he like an old Jordan Peterson? A Rorschach test that says "water is wet"?

Tolstoy wrote that Nietzsche wrote nothing insightful, that had he been alive earlier no one would have paid attention to his writings, that he and his prominence is a sign of intellectual decay. Trotsky wrote that the reason why Nietzsche's followers can be so radically different from each other is because they take what they want from Nietzsche and ignore whatever else is inconvenient for them. When someone points out the terrible things Nietzsche wrote, the response is either a) you're misinterpreting him! or b) his personal views are not reflective of his philosophy! or even c) you can't critique the genius of Nietzsche because he has rejected reason!

Does this strike anyone else as eerily similar to Jordan Peterson and his rabid followers?
21 posts and 2 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.3566

File: 1608528310838.jpg (4.4 MB, 4032x3024, image.jpg)

>>1621
I’m reading on the Genealogy of morals right now, I have some questions.
>Nietzsche says he’s against egalitarianism that reduces men to common, and power = good because it started this way in history and they establish themselves as good solely through themselves. the weak have slave morality in that identifies its oppressors as evil then subsequently themselves as good.

What in the goddamn bootlicking bullshit is this? I somewhat looked fondly of Nietzsche before I actually read him. And the way he talks about race lmao
It really does explain the modern far right-incel mentality though. Should I keep reading or find something better?

 No.3568

>>3566
What’s your contextual history with the rest of the western cannon? The dude can seem really strange and extreme if you don’t understand the systems and theories his entire philosophy is railing against. Just like most philosophers, he has interesting points and is a product of his time. If you aren’t enjoying it or really getting it, then I’d set him aside for a while.

 No.3575

>>3566
>the weak have slave morality in that identifies its oppressors as evil then subsequently themselves as good
slave morality is a real thing and Marxists ought to oppose it. examples include christianity and pacifism

 No.3578

Has anyone read that critique by G. Lukacs?

 No.3580

>>3568
ik, it‘s just that out of the three masters of suspicions, his work is the most disappointing. More so o as I used to like him the most before I read any of them.
>>3575
>Who can guarantee that modern democracy, still more modern anarchy, and indeed that tendency to the "Commune," the most primitive form of society, which is now common to all the Socialists in Europe, does not in its real essence signify a monstrous reversion—and that the conquering and master race—the Aryan race, is not also becoming inferior physiologically?)
> Let us submit to the facts; that the people have triumphed—or the slaves, or the populace, or the herd, or whatever name you care to give them—if this has happened through the Jews, so be it! In that case no nation ever had a greater mission in the world's history. The 'masters' have been done away with; the morality of the vulgar man has triumphed. This triumph may also be called a blood-poisoning (it has mutually fused the races)—I do not dispute it; but there is no doubt but that this intoxication has succeeded.

Feels like a bunch of morality of power and nazi-babble. Also I feel like Marx already formulated his ideas but better with his theory on ideology & religion..



File: 1608528100441.jpg (186.1 KB, 1200x800, PRIVATELOANS0717_alt1.jpg)

 No.1561[Reply]

I am an ESLer. How do I improve my English writing? My grammar, and punctuation is terrible. My writing vocabulary is terrible as well. Sometimes when I write, I take a long time because the right word or phrase is not on my mind. I have a large passive vocabulary, but I don't know how to use it, and turn it into active vocabulary.
I am looking to improve my writing ability to a level where It would be easy for me to write papers for academic journals, and conferences.
If you have any recommendations, please do post them.
14 posts omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.3001


 No.3002


 No.3061

>>3001
>>3002
Why learn Latin? Could I learn Greek instead?

 No.3063

>>3061
Because Latin makes up like 80% of a our vocabulary whereas Greek only 6%? And those 6% came to us through Latin.

 No.3066

>>1561
Might sound obvious but read more books? Including fiction (ones that are considered to be well written that is)



File: 1608528098316.png (10.79 KB, 512x512, uni-painted-red.png)

 No.1543[Reply]

This is a thread for communists who are (or are planning to) study at [b]unnamed[/b] universities the world over.

The thread is to serve as a mutual intellectual support system and meta-discussion for communist students to
· share resources for picking and learning your object of study
· discuss strategies for studies
· weekly rhythms and scheduling outside of the classroom
· organizing the student-body and/or spreading artistic agitation
· all while ultimately staying safe and completing your studies

✊🚩🏴
36 posts and 3 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.4534

How easy would it be going to uni in China? As a non-native, of course.

 No.4682

>>2544
In philosophy you can insert your pet issue into any paper if you try hard enough, like woman do with feminism lately.

 No.4683

>>4390
Where can I read more about this?

 No.4690

>>4534
If one knows Chinese and scores highly one can go to some good public STEM universities. Technically most people have done English classes in earlier but obviously that doesn't mean they can fluently speak the language. Getting to know the city before enrolling is a good idea too.

>>3540
Don't act too entryist, though, because orgs justifiably don't tolerate that activity.

 No.4691

>>3540
Also, unless they already are favorable to Marxism and Communism, it's probably better to start off with revolutionary works that are more relevant to the orgs' issues. Social justice is a part of any communist program, and it shouldn't be too hard to find material that's related.



 No.1522[Reply]

I'm reading Dylan Riley's [Civic Foundations of Fascism](https://b-ok.cc/book/5440703/4e76ad) and liking it quite a bit, but one thing that comes out pretty clearly is that while political Catholicism in Italy before and shortly after WWI had an independent and relatively "leftist" streak - lots of independent workers organizations and so on, probably most people reading this are familiar with the PSI/PPI alliance that might have been able to weather through the fascist threat if they could agree over some smaller stuff - Spanish political Catholicism was much more uniformly reactionary and under the direction of local landowners. And this happens despite obvious similarities between the countries - semiperipheral position in world-economy, historical catholicism obviously, very old "republican" associational traditions in the big cities, a liberal political system organized around clientelism and smoke-filled rooms.

When I (or Riley for that matter) try to think of why political Catholicism in Italy would turn against the system, I think of things like "well the state built its power by crowding against the church, which in turn believed it was going to get wiped out by a cabal of freemasons" but that's obviously true of Spain as well, which IIRC actually built up even more bad blood with land reform and so on. And if I think of why they'd be dependent in Spain it's things like "well big landowners used the church to control peasants," and it's not clear why that wouldn't be true in Italy as well - in fact Riley emphasses how in each case local notables organized each initially, but then they became independent in Italy by the 1890s and never really in Spain.

Maybe it's just something like "Italy had higher literacy rates and it's that much easier to self-organize?" But of course it's not like illiterate peasants never get mobilized by the left either.


File: 1608528095990.png (62.77 KB, 794x648, eastgermany.png)

 No.1511[Reply]

Why do so many people have a boner for Germany's old eastern borders? Look at any alt-hist featuring the nation and they still own Pomerania, Silesia, Prussia (East/West) etc. Is it because of aesthetics and looking nice, does /pol/ have anything to do with it, or is it something different?
Discuss.
19 posts and 3 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.2490

File: 1608528189510-0.jpg (1014.11 KB, 2000x1200, 1570025870493.jpg)

File: 1608528189510-1.jpg (1.2 MB, 1328x4472, 1494853971461.jpg)


 No.2497

>>1523
Yeah, hardcore nationalists still consider it 'Elsaß-Lothringen'.
No one else cares, it's a part of France.

 No.2509

>>2209
I don't know about the "Sovjet citizens" but the "Sovereign citizens" comparison is on-point.

 No.2511

>>1511
Because Poland is full of reactionaries and reactionary nationalism, to the point where we prefer the Germans.

 No.2521

>>2509
"Soviet citizens" are a movement of Russians who act as if the Soviet Union still exists and that they are not subject to the laws of the Russian Federation. Similarly to sovereign citizens and Reich citizens they are also attracted to absurd conspiracy theories.



File: 1608528096658.jpg (104.14 KB, 1200x1091, armchair_man.jpg)

 No.1519[Reply]

They're actually publishing a collection of his writings in English:

https://brill.com/view/title/22024

Excuse the academic pricing; I assume Haymarket Books are going to publish a paperback edition later this year if not into the next.
18 posts and 1 image reply omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.2506

>>2501
incredibly based

 No.2517

>>2502
No; unfortunately Brill only ever distributes pdfs from the looks of it.

 No.2518

>>2501
Based-ass nigga right here

 No.2519


 No.2904

So is anyone here reading it? What are your thoughts thus far?



File: 1608528093252.jpg (322.43 KB, 1119x1600, Karl-Marx.jpg)

 No.1483[Reply]

What can I learn fron Grundrisse that I can't learn from Capital?

 No.1495

it has a funny name, you'll look smarter if you cite it

 No.1497

>>1495
based



 No.1464[Reply]

Here's a google drive I found full of documents, biographies, reports, counterprop and theory for Juche, Songon and just about everything else DPRK:

https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B48PXBn7S_-MMVlaZjlrOEdKWFk

There is notably some very recent documents from as late as last year, including the theoretical work of Kim Jong Un.
Everything (I have seen) in here is in English.

(If you are (rightly) wary of Google here, know that you can view and download these files through a Tor browser.)

Anyone got anything else DPRK-related they don't see here that they'd like to archive?

 No.1476


 No.1498

Official DPRK website full of documents in several languages:
http://www.korean-books.com.kp/en/



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