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/edu/ - Education

'The weapon of criticism cannot, of course, replace criticism of the weapon, material force must be overthrown by material force; but theory also becomes a material force as soon as it has gripped the masses.' - Karl Marx
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Thread for tracing and studying the origins and history of anti-communist propaganda. One of the earliest anticommunist myths I've found is that back in the 1870s right wingers were declaring that the Paris Commune was the work of foreign agents/provocateurs from The International and money from London, and that Marx and co were accused of being sort of masterminds financing dissent and chaos throughout Europe.
Marx talks about it here: https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/bio/media/marx/71_07_18.htm
And Engels' words on it:
>You know that the millions of the International do not exist except in the terrified imagination of the bourgeoisie and of the governments, which cannot understand how an association like ours has been able to win such a great position without having millions at its disposal. If they had only seen the accounts submitted at the last Conference! (MECW Vol 44)

I'll be adding what I know in later posts


This thread has some lulzy stuff from the 1950s-60s.


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Did the ancient/medieval Ethiopians domesticate the African elephant? In many historical records, the Abyssinians/Aksumites are mentioned to use elephants for military purposes, but were these African elephants or Asian elephants? In modern-day Ethiopia, or in fact anywhere for that matter, there is no sign of domestication of the African elephant. However, African elephants have been extensively used in ancient times for military purposes, for example by the Carthaginians.
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Extinct species likely… if they domesticated the species their use likely lead to the subspecies being extinct if it was relegated to that given area


>Did the ancient/medieval Ethiopians domesticate the African elephant?
No, elephants are to long lived for that to be possible, it takes 20-25 years for an elephant to grow up.


>2 years no response
>immediate answer


Dialetiks or smthg


Is there a website where I can learn philosophy? A website that leads your through and explains to you all larger categories and questions in philosophy? I know there is plato.stanford.edu, but it's an encyclopedia and doesn't lead you through the topics in a didactic manner. I didn't want to learn philosophy by reading a bunch of books, because I have several dozens of books I'm already intending to read.
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I'd like to get into epistemology. Which thinkers and what literature do you recommend for that?



Cool, I‘m reading it. What I noticed first is how confused I was at what exactly the confusion or contradiction was about. Sure rationalism as opposed to empiricism but where is the issue? Until I read

>Meanwhile, in Revolutionary England, the Royalist Thomas Hobbes continues the evolution of empiricism by a consideration of how the action of matter on the sense organs generates thought in the mind

So that was an epiphany at that time. It would be nice to have a complete understanding of what exactly people at a time believed/knew or didn‘t know. I didn‘t get the confusion or dispute at first.


Manuel DeLanda
You can watch a lot of his lectures on youtube.


Great read. Anything else?

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This makes me feel mentally disabled, because I have no idea where to start on solving this. What type of equation is this? If anyone could link a pdf or a video with a step by step, I'd appreciate it.


>with a step by step
of this type of equation I mean


>This makes me feel mentally disabled
You're a namefag, of course you feel that way. Drop that junk.

That's set theory, with a couple of complex numbers. I'm assuming you know what those are. If not, look it up.
I'm not great with (nor generally interested in) mathematics, but if I'm reading it right (Q = the set of rational numbers, which is normal for the blackboard-bold symbol Q, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rational_number , and the final question being what is the intersection between the set S and Q) then it's just asking which of the 6 elements of the set S are rational.
So for example, 1/3 and 22/7 are obviously rational, [pi]/3 is obviously not, and so you need to figure out if the other 3 are rational. I forget all my trig and odd/even powers of those complex fractions so someone else needs to sub in.


Try transforming the complex numbers into trigonometric form, they look like they will have a modulus of 1 which will make the exponentiation easy.


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/math/ general >>338

> a step by step


You are asked to count the rational numbers in S. Two of them are evidently rational. π/3 is irrational, but in most contexts this will be accepted as known since the proof is non-trivial. If you can't remember the sine of π/3 take a right-angled triangle with an angle of 60 degrees and take the ratio of the opposite leg and the hypotenuse. Complete your right-angled triangle by reflection to an equilateral triangle and you will easily find the ratio to be sqrt(3)/2. For the irrationality of sqrt(3) take a^2==3*b^2 with a and b coprime, take the unique prime factorization of both sides and simply count the parity of the number of times 3 appears on each side.

For the first two values, identify them as roots of unity, a cube root and an eighth root. Recall that when raising roots of unity to natural powers you may discard multiples of the root order. Reduce 2019 modulo 3 and 8. This resolves the first value, while for the second you are left with the cube of an eighth root. Since you only need the rationality of the imaginary part you can avoid doing any computation by recalling that exponentiation by natural powers on the unit circle amounts to rotation by multiples of the base angle. Since the base angle is π/4, first quadrant, cubing takes you to 3π/4, second quadrant. This has the effect of flipping the real part sign and leaving everything else untouched, whichPost too long. Click here to view the full text.


im working with some comrades on some pro-union palm cards. my job is to write down the process on how to form a union

can any of you smarter and wittier comrades able to help?
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Is this for organizing an NLRB recognized union in the us? I'm in the process and can answer questions.
Or is it for class struggle / IWW style unions?


Look at Jane McAlevey's work.


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> The "Memphis Seven" celebrate a federal judge's order compelling Starbucks to give them their jobs back after they were fired for leading a unionization drive. (Photo: Memphis Seven/Twitter)
> Federal Judge Orders Starbucks to Rehire Fired Union Organizers in Memphis
> "It was a ruling in favor of what's right," said one member of the Memphis Seven. "We knew from day one that we were going to win this, it just took time."
> August 18, 2022


> First NYC 'Just Cause' Lawsuit Targets Starbucks for Union-Busting
> "Just in time for Labor Day, Starbucks secures another spot in the union-busting hall of fame," said one workers' group.
> September 2, 2022
> Citing violations of its Fair Workweek Law, New York City sued Starbucks on Friday, accusing the company of illegally firing a barista for his union organizing activities.


>pro-union palm cards
I guess I've heard this word in a different context, are you talking about small cards you can hand to people? Show us an example or the amount of space you have to work with. It may just be better to link to an adequate guide, depending on your target audience.

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Any one has any reads on atheism that are not just "I hecking love science" like the new atheism movement was?
I remember seeing a book about atheism and german idealism; or idealism in general but I can't seem to find it.
Either way let's just talk about atheism in general.
12 posts omitted. Click reply to view.


he wasn't an atheist
that's what i mean


I mean the guy asked for non-reddit tier atheism so I just gave him the closest thing, Spinoza's concept of God is so far removed from typical monotheism that he might as well have been an atheist. Ethics is just too good of a read to pass


what do you think is the typical monotheistic idea of god


usually it is the kind of personal god that is discussed when talking about things like the problem of evil etc


>A personal god, or personal goddess, is a deity who can be related to as a person,[1] instead of as an impersonal force, such as the Absolute, "the All", or the "Ground of Being".

>In the scriptures of the Abrahamic religions, God is described as being a personal creator, speaking in the first person and showing emotion such as anger and pride, and sometimes appearing in anthropomorphic shape.[2] In the Pentateuch, for example, God talks with and instructs his prophets and is conceived as possessing volition, emotions (such as anger, grief and happiness), intention, and other attributes characteristic of a human person. Personal relationships with God may be described in the same ways as human relationships, such as a Father, as in Christianity, or a Friend as in Sufism.[3]

>A 2019 survey by the Pew Research Center reported that, of U.S. adults, 70% view that "God is a person with whom people can have a relationship," while 15% believe that "God is an impersonal force."[4]


Now that i think about it intellegent materialism is a great response to the question


Hello guys, im in the search for some podcasts or discussions to listen to on headphones about communism, though please not from cringe faggot SJW's. I am not sure how you all are, my first time on leftypol.

Anyways, as a communist id like to just listen to something like this while being on the metro or so. Like a more phylosophical deeper Russel brand.

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I am teaching government civics this year in a school and need resources that are /leftypol/ adjacent but not *too* on the nose. Ideally some documentaries would be nice. I am expected to do a lesson on "victims on communism" or whatever (for senior level students) but I'd rather just actually teach them Marxism or the effects of imperialism. I'm not new to teaching, just this section and don't want to rely solely on propagandized textbooks.
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Hey sir, can you post the intended curriculum here for laughs? Many of us don't truly understand the American Experience™ and this could help shed some light on it.
(Don't share anything that would be too specific to your location/school: I'm assuming it's a state-wide curriculum like we have here)

I had one who was never explicit in his beliefs but was evidently 'left'-leaning. There was an optional activity after his lectures (night time) where he would put on films, some were comedies or culturally significant to our field of science, but many were thought-provocative like the Enron documentary (Smartest Men in the Room), 12 Angry Men, etc. and would occasionally hint at ideas of collaboration and social constructiveness in his talks. In an analytical field, it was clear he was someone who could see problems in the systems we have and why they fuck everything up for us professionally (think of the whistleblowers in the Challenger disaster that were ignored, resulting in loss of life). There was even a tutorial dedicated to rhetoric, because 'being correct or right doesn't mean anything if you can't get your boss to listen to you', and discussion dedicated to the risks and potential strategies of whisteblowing. Not comparable to what you said but a potential eye-opener, and not one that could get you fired either.
As he would say, he wasn't an educator, he was a teacher.


Teach them Victims of Communism but explicitly list Nazi soldiers as the dead


>I think you want to emphasize the origin of the bourgeois republic in the absolutist state apparatus. Germany's civil service had a near seamless transition.
That sound sinteresting, give OP some books he could cite
>You could teach some classical economics as a gateway to the LTV.
>What if you simulated an economic cycle but most students were workers and some stakeholders? You could tie both into each other, as the coordination of funds is the most important aspect of the stock market.
That will be too on the nose and risky


Well it's important not to objectify or dehumanize the victims by merely treating them as numbers, as educators tend to do. I recommend OP also explore who these victims were and what they did.


>give OP some books he could cite
PDF related is where I read about the German civil service. At least in European history the change from constitutional monarchy or absolutism to bourgeois democracy was less of a rupture as it is often made out to be. The point is to sidestep the "muh freedom" line of argument and accurately portray a transformation of the state apparatus. For US history this could mean focusing on the economic causes for the civil war.
>That will be too on the nose and risky
Then what is the bourgeois position on the stock market. That it's all fun and games?

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Is this a good book? I've heard it's a more serious work than Pinker's or Harari's work, but I'm not sure if this is meant to propagandize for anarchism.


Personally I think it was ok, people think it refuted Marx or something but it doesn't. I don't see why people fight over whether cavemen only traded stuff with each other based on their immediate personal needs or not, even kids trade toys just for the sake of trading those gained with someone else.


I liked it but I'm an anarchist. It's an academic book so it can get a little overwhelming at parts with the endless cultures and their little rituals and ways of life. It's not propaganda but they do argue that there are alternatives to what we have now. From what I read it was meant to "make space" for subsequent books but I guess that's out of the window now…

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Issues #1-6 used to be for sale here:


And issue #2 can be found here: https://repository.duke.edu/dc/wlmpc/wlmms01029 (The other issues doesn't seem to be part of their collection.)

But is a whole set to be found anywhere?

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