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/edu/ - Education

'The weapon of criticism cannot, of course, replace criticism of the weapon, material force must be overthrown by material force; but theory also becomes a material force as soon as it has gripped the masses.' - Karl Marx
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 No.4166[Reply]

Hey /e/Im a brainlet prole that recently got a scholarships to university, and Im wondering if there are any resources that you could recommend to improve general academic skills with an emphasis on essay writing. I've done a general scan for books and courses on libgen and TPB. But I wanted to get some advise with a left perspective. When I say brainlet I mean dyslexic and when I say prole I mean any unskilled job I can land (bar work, kitchen work, construction, etc.) My degree is in healthcare and administration.
21 posts and 22 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.4195

>>4194
done, hope it helps comrade

 No.4223

>>4194
>>4193
>>4192
>>4191
>>5569
Niceu dess ne.
Thank you anonysan

 No.4250

File: 1608528377875.jpg (139.43 KB, 750x259, 1604926583823.jpg)

I like this one.

 No.10556

The academic writing style for undergraduates can be summed up with a few key points/

1: Never make any claim that you don't have a source for. Have references for everything.
2: Write from the third person impersonal perspective.

 No.10557




 No.1855[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

Was the Meiji restoration and "restoring power to the emperor" a good or bad thing in 18th century Japan for the peasants? It marked the upper class revolution that caused the samurai feudal system to transition into a capitalist system. (Which ultimately turned into a racist imperialist empire that tried to invade and oppress all of its neighbors in Asia in a sort of fascist system, and as Japan lost the war the people starved and suffered greatly.)

I just found this photograph btw. Samurai didn't look nearly as impressive as I thought they would, and that hairdo is "objectively ugly."

There were a lot of peasant revolutions/movements that tried to go against the samurai but they all ultimately failed so no one except historians talk about them. Unfortunately too, the people who study Japanese history appear to be mostly weebs who romanticize the samurai so much that you never get to hear about the peasents' movements.
177 posts and 46 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.8665

File: 1636955161627-0.png (303.62 KB, 750x536, Tie Chonmage.png)

File: 1636955161627-1.png (700.07 KB, 521x605, Chonmage.png)

>what's with the ancient Japanese and this gay haircut?
Supposedly this hairstyle was to keep the helmet in place, but that's kind of bullshit IMO. More likely people did this because japan has a culture of worshiping any authority figure so people shaved their heads as a sign of respect for their balding samurai boss: Male-pattern baldness had been common in Japan due to poor food availability, which is the reason Japanese people tended to be - and still are in some regards - smaller than average human size and often had fragile bones and poor tooth/jaw structure, after all there is good reason that depictions of feudal Japan in modern media like anime (pic 3 - Inuyasha) often feature balding farmers and bandits, but I digress.
TL;DR: Male pattern baldness was and remains pretty common in Japan, so a hairstyle that works with baldness has some practical purposes and became socially enforced.
This is also similar to Medieval Christian monks. https://archive.ph/WKEs0
Food: https://archive.ph/ZhcIl
Masculinity: https://archive.md/HiJ2q
Basics of Chonmage: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chonmage https://archive.md/XPmJE
Asia in general: https://archive.md/5c0qW

 No.8738

>>1855
It was objectively a good thing for Japanese peasents as it made the country an industrialised imperialist capitalist state. Samurai rule was as evil and economically poor as it was in any feudalistic society.

I disagree with you when you say that they don't look impressive. I think it is also wrong to say their hairdo is objectively ugly. This is just chauvinism.

 No.8830

>>8738
>This is just chauvinism
Just going to point out that this anon is correctly using the termin of chauvinism, especially in a leftist context, as contrasted to a lot of users that tend to spam the word on this site on everything they perceive to be offending to themselves in regards to an aspect of a culture.

 No.10546

Imperial Japan's WW2

 No.10552

>>8547
I appreciate the effort tbh



File: 1608528197604.png (105.42 KB, 1200x720, ddr.png)

 No.2554[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

what do the german anons here think of the german democratic republic ?
362 posts and 85 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.8676

not a germanon but I've talked to some Germans online (even on places like /pol/ ffs) and the worst responses I've gotten were that it was just ok, so I'm guessing that Germans are cordial to the DDR

 No.8688

>>2591
this is my dream

 No.8704

I'll associate that national anthem with Rance rather than the DDR.

 No.8863

>>2598
I dont know how it was back then but magdeburg now is shit but still if you find some old folks that can talk about the gdr almost all of them say that socialism was good but the stasi and authoritarianism was bad.
But as always alot of the younger people are indoctrinated to believe that the gdr was some kind of hell hole where you couldnt buy anything

 No.10544

>>2667
>it did stop espionage. Outside agitators like during the 1956 riots
Revolution Report article on this
https://www.the-revolution-report.com/?p=965



 No.9411[Reply]

I feel like one of the biggest obstacles to understanding Marx's most crucial works is that he writes for an audience that he assumes already knows a ton of context, which makes sense considering his own context as a journalist for revolutionary workers on the streets themselves. It still makes those writings confusing to anyone that isn't an academic that has the privilege of having absorbed context. So, what are some good history books that can fill in that gap?

Some specific topics:
—English political economy from Adam Smith to the repeal of the Corn Laws
—Early communist party (Cabet, Blanqui, League of the Just, Communist Correspondence Committee, etc.)
—1848 Revolutions and aftermath
—Napoleon III's coup
—Paris Commune
—First International activities and drama
—General 19th century European history

I found this on the Paris Commune a while ago, pretty decent: https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/mitchell-abidor-voices-of-the-paris-commune
27 posts and 5 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.9890

>>9888
Um yeah? When Marx called Lasalle a "jewish nigger" he was heavily projecting.

 No.9891

>>9888
trips confirm
unironically, a lot of self-described "marxists" would be lowkey disturbed by this fact, like that marx flag anon

 No.9893

>>9888
Marx was an illegal immigrant, snowflakes do not want you to know :xD :xD :xD

 No.9894

>>9893
For your information I was joking :xD

 No.10539

bump



 No.10518[Reply]

>Dialectic noun
>The art or practice of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments.
I am not specifically talking about a type of dialectics, like Hegelian.

I've grown up in a world of state and corporate propaganda, a didactic education system apart from a few rogues, eristic oppositions and the political information system dominated by the art of debate.

Where can someone even find real high-quality dialectic conversions these days? I can look up a million debates on socialism and capitalism and social democracy and fascism but don't care if 'my side' wins, as if there's one true ideology and that rhetoric should determine our favorite one. I want to seek a reasoned, informed understanding with constructive antagonism.

I guess you can discuss the situation described above, post dialectic conversations or give recommendations on finding them.

 No.10520

you need a set of hard theoretical assumptions, say communism, for dialectics to work

 No.10523

>>10518
im gonna instead give u advice, and my honest advice is that you should just delve deep into whatever interests you and see it to its end, and be open-minded. Then you'll get to experience dialectical movement but within a subject that actually matters to you, and maybe even you'll learn something novel. Dialectic is as much about dispute as it is about acceptance. Coincidence of opposites and all that.

Also actually ill recommend u to look to old greek and chinese philosophy for dialogues, theyre full of them. If you want something contemporary… probably gonna have to be a long-form type thing that in all appearances is just people stating their position as totally and well as possible…. those dialogues are the result of simplification. So while shit's still being hammered out, ur probably not going to find anything in that format, as that comes after. So i repeat my above advice, just get really into whatever you like, and try to understand and express it as fully as possible, and this action will bring out internal contradictions, which might just seem like obstacles to your understanding, but you'll probably come to understand something in an actually novel way like this…. And dissenting opinions are somewhat important because they contextualize, but really anything which contextualizes does the same job, like relations and stuff. But all context comes at the expense of the integrity of the previously understood whole, so they are negating. This isn't quite dialogue but like i mentioned i'm skeptical of that being a format that really takes place between two people or two sides, and is more of an internal thing that gets represented as dialogue…

also u probably know this but if there is a really generative conversation between people, it will come off as speculative more than a hard, finished, enlightened movement of an idea. The only stuff that seems solid is when it's situated in context and has time to mellow. Even remember the idea that you first have to go the wrong way to find the correct way. In a really productive debate/conversation, you'll probably end up lots of wrong places first… and remember that ideas also need like real world context to come and negate not just like some guys shooting the shit, so this is part of why im skeptical that a conversation will lead very far beyond their origPost too long. Click here to view the full text.

 No.10535

That is pretty fucking sensational when played with music



 No.9604[Reply]

Discussions on the formal, scientific analysis/critique of class
Starting off with Erik Olin Wright who's broken some ground on this, even if he is basically a socdem at the end of the day
10 posts and 17 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.9662

>>9660
this? >>9431
it's an alright study of macroeconomics and its effects on labour

 No.9663


 No.9694


 No.9710


 No.10530




 No.5581[Reply]

Most of the books I see about Pol Pot, Khmer Rouge and Kamdoji from those years portray these things as badly as possible, and compare Pol Pot himself to a mini Hitler, or worse. I would like to know if there is a book that justifies Pol Pot and speaks positively about him and the Khmer Rouge. Thank you in advance!anarcho-communismAnarcho-Communism
8 posts and 2 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.6116

>>6114
>>6115
Can any of you find Hou Yuon's The Cambodian Peasants and Their Prospects for Modernization?

 No.10462

>>6115
Was Vickery pro-DK? From what I've read he was supportive of the Vietnamese invasion

 No.10471

how about from the khmer rouge themselves >>9391

 No.10501

>>10462
Yeah, Vickery wasn't even pro-KR but pro-Vietnam. But he was still a top notch historian and more unbiased on Pol Pot/Cambodia than any anticommunist author.

 No.10503

Banned thought has several good articles that debunks many lies about the regime and has articles on the specific breakdown of relations between Vietnam and Cambodia.



File: 1640194005960.png (108.56 KB, 1200x1080, P_religion_world.svg.png)

 No.9052[Reply]

Wanted to make a theology general to discuss whatever questions or topics about religion people here may have. I thought about posting this in /siberia/ but I rather have a higher quality discussion tbh, and since /edu/ has much less traffic I think a thread about theology and religion in general would work better than a specific topic about particular denominations and such. So to start, something I had been wondering for a while, in buddhist theology when you die you reincarnate and depending on your karma you'll either be reborn into a human or an animal. So if you are reborn into an animal, after this life what would determine what you reincarnate into? Does buddhism have a way to judge animals? Do you reincarnate into a human by default after living as an animal and just keep the cycle going until you achieve enlightenment? If anyone knows I'd really appreciate it.
30 posts and 5 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.10479

>>9107
I'm not a reincarnation expert but I'm pretty sure most believe you stay as a human for the most part. You are progressing into advanced forms instead of regressing.

https://vedanta-seattle.org/articles/hindu-concept-of-reincarnation/
>The idea of the transmigration of souls is also present in Hinduism. Generally speaking, a human soul evolves from incarnation to incarnation. Therefore, it is normal for a human soul to be born again and again only in human bodies until liberation. But there may be rare exceptions. In these exceptional cases a human soul may be born once or twice in a subhuman body to work out very bad Karma. When the bad Karma is worked out, the soul incarnates again in a human body and goes through the process of gradual spiritual evolution.

 No.10496

>>9056
You might find this (first) book interesting, it's by a Chinese scholar so it's an insider view.
>>10460
>I know nothing of liberation theology.
Neither do I! Well, not that much, just a bit about the LatAm current, there's more of Christian ones too, like Black liberation theology or that of the Dalits in India. I've read this Michael Lowy article, which I thought was a good if slightly outdated primer, and I have these books but I still haven't read. The marxist in particular Mariategui from Peru also influenced Fr. Guiterrez, a major figure of the LatAm liberation theology.

 No.10498

>>10447 (me)
I had a bit of time to dig more on this topic, I found these articles about Buddhist liberation theology/Dhammic socialism

 No.10499

>>10447 (me)
>>10498 (me)
And this on Islam.

 No.10502

>>10496
that Yijie Tang book is really good, thanks for that

(it goes too soft on pomo tho)



File: 1641578055834.jpg (471.6 KB, 870x489, news-ECRI-Switzerland.jpg)

 No.9342[Reply]

Why is this shithole the most expensive country to live in the world? The normie answer to that would be "well because of its economy and innovation duh". What does that even mean? When I think "country that is 10 years ahead of the world", I think of Japan, South Korea, China. Not some shithole like Switzerland. And funnily enough none of the countries I've mentioned are as expensive to live in as Switzerland. And why am I calling Switzerland a shithole you may ask? Because it's almost entirely propped up by capital, Switzerland itself has little natural resources, in a hypothetical socialist world Switzerland would fall apart as there is nothing to logically justify the existence of most of its industries.
3 posts and 1 image reply omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.9792

>>9394
Anyone care to explain the Ivory Coast and Ghana part?

 No.9793

>>9792
google it

 No.10476

>>9342
>And why am I calling Switzerland a shithole you may ask? Because it's almost entirely propped up by capital
TIL USA is a shithole

 No.10477

>>10476
>TIL USA is a shithole

How did it take you this long?

 No.10480

>>9792
Because they Ghana turn this pussy wet like the Ivory Coast ya know what I‘m sayin fellas



File: 1641495265321.png (525.44 KB, 640x853, ClipboardImage.png)

 No.9279[Reply]

New reading project for the Continental Floppa reading group is beginning. We will be reading various writings related to the subject of "Patriotic Socialism" and national identity. This thread is for slower discussion of the topic and readings and for posting links or uploads for relevant texts.

Join our matrix chat to get involved.
https://matrix.to/#/!mjlMGagFTDhvgxMWhY:matrix.org/

Our tentative plans are to discuss readings on Saturdays, but this will depend on what anybody joining the group has to say. We are still determining which texts to include in our readings and the order.
35 posts and 7 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.

 No.10357

We've finished Luxemburg's The National Question.
This weekend we will take off (Easter weekend and people may be busy.)
For the next weekend, we're reading Lenin's The Discussion On Self-Determination Summed Up.
https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1916/jul/x01.htm

 No.10364

>>10357
why dont you finish this dick

also what are you guys gonna read next?

 No.10454

Told that the reading group may be considering Settlers in the future, I was told whilst Settlers is a culturally important document, it doesn't have much the modern left can benefit from reading it and has many flaws to it.

And I was instead suggested this reading list to better study the question of race and class in the American settler social formation and how racial chauvanism presented itself and sabotage the proletarian struggle for power, something that we can't understand from reading any one book.

Here's the reading lists of books we should read before Settlers:
>A Nation Beneath Our Feet by Steven Hahn
<Workers of the World Undermined by Beth Sims
>Roots of Oppression by Talbot
<The American Crucible: Slavery, Emancipation and Human Rights by Robin Blackburn
>Whiteness of a different color by Matthew Frye Jacobson
<Black Awakening in Capitalist America by Robert L. Allen

W. E. B. Du Bois is an author that would also be integral to study the question as well

I think reading all these books and authors would give us a good comprehensive understanding, but we should also eventually read Settlers for its impact on the left as well to give us the tools to expose arguements and criticisms of the book by those who haven't actually read it

 No.10455

>>10454
>Told that the reading group may be considering Settlers in the future, I was told whilst Settlers is a culturally important document, it doesn't have much the modern left can benefit from reading it and has many flaws to it.
Black Reconstruction -> Settlers -> False Nationalism, False Internationalism are pretty much the go-to combination for those interested in understanding the thread topic from the context of the New Communist Movement.

 No.10463

This Saturday
Time: 6pm UTC (subject to change if it's inconvenient)
We'll be covering Lenin's The Discussion On Self-Determination Summed Up. (again)
https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1916/jul/x01.htm
We want to give everyone the opportunity to read and join the discussion, since this text is closing out our introduction to the topic before we move into the modern context in the following weeks. We'll be doing an overview of the Self-Determination question as well, including the question of how the question manifests in the present.

The plan for the readings in the following weeks are:
<1> Decolonization is not a metaphor by Tuck & Yang (2012) (40 pages) https://clas.osu.edu/sites/clas.osu.edu/files/Tuck%20and%20Yang%202012%20Decolonization%20is%20not%20a%20metaphor.pdf
<2> Democratic Confederalism by Abdulla Ocalan (2011) (48 pages) http://www.freeocalan.org/books/#/book/democratic-confederalism
<3> Dawn: Marxism and National Liberation from Tricontinental (2021) (30ish pages) https://thetricontinental.org/dossier-37-marxism-and-national-liberation/

After that, we are planning to look at more specific contexts drawing form this list >>9295 and other places.
Here is the list of suggestions we have been discussing so far.
<Stalin – National Question
<Aimée Césaire
Post too long. Click here to view the full text.



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