[ home / rules / faq ] [ overboard / sfw / alt ] [ leftypol / siberia / hobby / tech / edu / games / anime / music / draw / AKM ] [ meta / roulette ] [ cytube / git ] [ GET / ref / marx / booru / zine ]

/edu/ - Education

Learn, learn, and learn!
Password (For file deletion.)

Join our Matrix Chat <=> IRC: #leftypol on Rizon

| Catalog | Home

 No.1855[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

Was the Meiji restoration and "restoring power to the emperor" a good or bad thing in 18th century Japan for the peasants? It marked the upper class revolution that caused the samurai feudal system to transition into a capitalist system. (Which ultimately turned into a racist imperialist empire that tried to invade and oppress all of its neighbors in Asia in a sort of fascist system, and as Japan lost the war the people starved and suffered greatly.)

I just found this photograph btw. Samurai didn't look nearly as impressive as I thought they would, and that hairdo is "objectively ugly."

There were a lot of peasant revolutions/movements that tried to go against the samurai but they all ultimately failed so no one except historians talk about them. Unfortunately too, the people who study Japanese history appear to be mostly weebs who romanticize the samurai so much that you never get to hear about the peasents' movements.
177 posts and 46 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.


File: 1636955161627-0.png (303.62 KB, 750x536, Tie Chonmage.png)

File: 1636955161627-1.png (700.07 KB, 521x605, Chonmage.png)

>what's with the ancient Japanese and this gay haircut?
Supposedly this hairstyle was to keep the helmet in place, but that's kind of bullshit IMO. More likely people did this because japan has a culture of worshiping any authority figure so people shaved their heads as a sign of respect for their balding samurai boss: Male-pattern baldness had been common in Japan due to poor food availability, which is the reason Japanese people tended to be - and still are in some regards - smaller than average human size and often had fragile bones and poor tooth/jaw structure, after all there is good reason that depictions of feudal Japan in modern media like anime (pic 3 - Inuyasha) often feature balding farmers and bandits, but I digress.
TL;DR: Male pattern baldness was and remains pretty common in Japan, so a hairstyle that works with baldness has some practical purposes and became socially enforced.
This is also similar to Medieval Christian monks. https://archive.ph/WKEs0
Food: https://archive.ph/ZhcIl
Masculinity: https://archive.md/HiJ2q
Basics of Chonmage: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chonmage https://archive.md/XPmJE
Asia in general: https://archive.md/5c0qW


It was objectively a good thing for Japanese peasents as it made the country an industrialised imperialist capitalist state. Samurai rule was as evil and economically poor as it was in any feudalistic society.

I disagree with you when you say that they don't look impressive. I think it is also wrong to say their hairdo is objectively ugly. This is just chauvinism.


>This is just chauvinism
Just going to point out that this anon is correctly using the termin of chauvinism, especially in a leftist context, as contrasted to a lot of users that tend to spam the word on this site on everything they perceive to be offending to themselves in regards to an aspect of a culture.


Imperial Japan's WW2


I appreciate the effort tbh

File: 1608528197604.png (105.42 KB, 1200x720, ddr.png)

 No.2554[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

what do the german anons here think of the german democratic republic ?
362 posts and 85 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.


not a germanon but I've talked to some Germans online (even on places like /pol/ ffs) and the worst responses I've gotten were that it was just ok, so I'm guessing that Germans are cordial to the DDR


this is my dream


I'll associate that national anthem with Rance rather than the DDR.


I dont know how it was back then but magdeburg now is shit but still if you find some old folks that can talk about the gdr almost all of them say that socialism was good but the stasi and authoritarianism was bad.
But as always alot of the younger people are indoctrinated to believe that the gdr was some kind of hell hole where you couldnt buy anything


>it did stop espionage. Outside agitators like during the 1956 riots
Revolution Report article on this


I feel like one of the biggest obstacles to understanding Marx's most crucial works is that he writes for an audience that he assumes already knows a ton of context, which makes sense considering his own context as a journalist for revolutionary workers on the streets themselves. It still makes those writings confusing to anyone that isn't an academic that has the privilege of having absorbed context. So, what are some good history books that can fill in that gap?

Some specific topics:
—English political economy from Adam Smith to the repeal of the Corn Laws
—Early communist party (Cabet, Blanqui, League of the Just, Communist Correspondence Committee, etc.)
—1848 Revolutions and aftermath
—Napoleon III's coup
—Paris Commune
—First International activities and drama
—General 19th century European history

I found this on the Paris Commune a while ago, pretty decent: https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/mitchell-abidor-voices-of-the-paris-commune
27 posts and 5 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.


Um yeah? When Marx called Lasalle a "jewish nigger" he was heavily projecting.


trips confirm
unironically, a lot of self-described "marxists" would be lowkey disturbed by this fact, like that marx flag anon


Marx was an illegal immigrant, snowflakes do not want you to know :xD :xD :xD


For your information I was joking :xD



File: 1608528384265.jpg (169.33 KB, 1200x525, hegel anti idpol.jpg)

 No.4337[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

There are people who spend their entire lives reading Hegel and still manage to come out empty handed.

ITT we discuss the great thinker, Karl Marx's teacher, and he on who's shadow we walk:

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

1. What are good things to read/view to get an understanding of Hegel from a philosophical neophyte?

2. What service can Hegel's philosophy provide us today?

3. What an be done to make Hegel more accessible to the masses? Why is it so unpenetrable?
109 posts and 15 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.


yooo i just found out about this guy today and came to /edu/ and here ppl are talking about him… Can you tell me what he's all about, besides a history and enunciation of dialectics? Whats his shit with the Universal/Ideal? I think i'll buy some shit of his and read it cause he seems cool as fuck.


We have a thread specifically for that >>10452


woah thanks


„Contradiction“ makes little sense to me. In a material sense it just seems like „opposing forces“. Be it in classical physics of material bodies colliding or the interests of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat being opposed to one another. Other than that there aren‘t in a literal sense „contradictions“ in the material world. The more I read about it in political literature the more it seems like some odd fetishization of a term that serves as a reoccurring metaphor. A bad one, because it seems like a needless obfuscation to me. I haven‘t read Hegel in German yet, but „contradiction“ could be translated into „Widersprüche“ or „Gegensätze“. Intuitively, I understand „Widerspruch“ to be a logical impossibility. Hence why „contradiction“ made so little sense to me the way I read it in political literature. „Gegensätze“ on the other hand, or „gegensätzlich“, can be understood as „contradiction“ as well, but rather in a sense of „antithetical“ or „antagonistic“ or „oppositional“. This on the other hand makes much more sense. I still wouldn‘t have gone for calling it „contradiction“ in English. „Oppositional“, „antithetical“ perhaps.


This is a good point and is pertinent to the problem of commensurability within translational efforts, but I do think that there is some incidental and thus intuitive meaning registered within the process of assuming the term 'contradiction' through the english-speaking mind's encounter with the to-be-translated Germanic text. Keep in mind the insights of Hegel rocked the anglosphere, and if we historicize the context in which this reception occurred, we might better understand how the psyche was operating in reaction to the newfound insights of Hegel–Hegel marks the formalized introduction to dialectical thought for the anglosphere upon his introduction, and, knowing that, we can therefore infer that for the translators of the time, the word contradiction was what manifested itself in the immediacy of their psyches because, having come from a pre-dialectical background prior to their encounter with Hegel's logic, the concept of resolute oppositions would have been relatively arcane, so instead of the consequential comprehension of the process (which we would then, through dialectics, come to understand as 'oppositional' or 'antithetical'), you have this impression of shock which is subconsciously causing the registration of the german term to appear as 'contradiction' in the translator's understanding, because this relates to how they would have grasped the material in their nascent involvement with it. This is to say, to the angloid, since this is the first encounter with dialectics, coming from their pre-dialectical background, that which is latently understood as oppositional in dialectical terms must therefore instead be assumed as a 'contradiction' insofar as one is burdened or hamstrung with the lack of initial dialectical thought, aka a pre-dialectical background, because without dialectics, the transformative process of the 'synthesized resolution of oppositional forces' would instead seem a contradiction.


>Dialectic noun
>The art or practice of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments.
I am not specifically talking about a type of dialectics, like Hegelian.

I've grown up in a world of state and corporate propaganda, a didactic education system apart from a few rogues, eristic oppositions and the political information system dominated by the art of debate.

Where can someone even find real high-quality dialectic conversions these days? I can look up a million debates on socialism and capitalism and social democracy and fascism but don't care if 'my side' wins, as if there's one true ideology and that rhetoric should determine our favorite one. I want to seek a reasoned, informed understanding with constructive antagonism.

I guess you can discuss the situation described above, post dialectic conversations or give recommendations on finding them.


you need a set of hard theoretical assumptions, say communism, for dialectics to work


im gonna instead give u advice, and my honest advice is that you should just delve deep into whatever interests you and see it to its end, and be open-minded. Then you'll get to experience dialectical movement but within a subject that actually matters to you, and maybe even you'll learn something novel. Dialectic is as much about dispute as it is about acceptance. Coincidence of opposites and all that.

Also actually ill recommend u to look to old greek and chinese philosophy for dialogues, theyre full of them. If you want something contemporary… probably gonna have to be a long-form type thing that in all appearances is just people stating their position as totally and well as possible…. those dialogues are the result of simplification. So while shit's still being hammered out, ur probably not going to find anything in that format, as that comes after. So i repeat my above advice, just get really into whatever you like, and try to understand and express it as fully as possible, and this action will bring out internal contradictions, which might just seem like obstacles to your understanding, but you'll probably come to understand something in an actually novel way like this…. And dissenting opinions are somewhat important because they contextualize, but really anything which contextualizes does the same job, like relations and stuff. But all context comes at the expense of the integrity of the previously understood whole, so they are negating. This isn't quite dialogue but like i mentioned i'm skeptical of that being a format that really takes place between two people or two sides, and is more of an internal thing that gets represented as dialogue…

also u probably know this but if there is a really generative conversation between people, it will come off as speculative more than a hard, finished, enlightened movement of an idea. The only stuff that seems solid is when it's situated in context and has time to mellow. Even remember the idea that you first have to go the wrong way to find the correct way. In a really productive debate/conversation, you'll probably end up lots of wrong places first… and remember that ideas also need like real world context to come and negate not just like some guys shooting the shit, so this is part of why im skeptical that a conversation will lead very far beyond their origPost too long. Click here to view the full text.


That is pretty fucking sensational when played with music


Discussions on the formal, scientific analysis/critique of class
Starting off with Erik Olin Wright who's broken some ground on this, even if he is basically a socdem at the end of the day
10 posts and 17 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.


this? >>9431
it's an alright study of macroeconomics and its effects on labour






Most of the books I see about Pol Pot, Khmer Rouge and Kamdoji from those years portray these things as badly as possible, and compare Pol Pot himself to a mini Hitler, or worse. I would like to know if there is a book that justifies Pol Pot and speaks positively about him and the Khmer Rouge. Thank you in advance!anarcho-communismAnarcho-Communism
8 posts and 2 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.


Can any of you find Hou Yuon's The Cambodian Peasants and Their Prospects for Modernization?


Was Vickery pro-DK? From what I've read he was supportive of the Vietnamese invasion


how about from the khmer rouge themselves >>9391


Yeah, Vickery wasn't even pro-KR but pro-Vietnam. But he was still a top notch historian and more unbiased on Pol Pot/Cambodia than any anticommunist author.


Banned thought has several good articles that debunks many lies about the regime and has articles on the specific breakdown of relations between Vietnam and Cambodia.

File: 1640194005960.png (108.56 KB, 1200x1080, P_religion_world.svg.png)


Wanted to make a theology general to discuss whatever questions or topics about religion people here may have. I thought about posting this in /siberia/ but I rather have a higher quality discussion tbh, and since /edu/ has much less traffic I think a thread about theology and religion in general would work better than a specific topic about particular denominations and such. So to start, something I had been wondering for a while, in buddhist theology when you die you reincarnate and depending on your karma you'll either be reborn into a human or an animal. So if you are reborn into an animal, after this life what would determine what you reincarnate into? Does buddhism have a way to judge animals? Do you reincarnate into a human by default after living as an animal and just keep the cycle going until you achieve enlightenment? If anyone knows I'd really appreciate it.
30 posts and 5 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.


I'm not a reincarnation expert but I'm pretty sure most believe you stay as a human for the most part. You are progressing into advanced forms instead of regressing.

>The idea of the transmigration of souls is also present in Hinduism. Generally speaking, a human soul evolves from incarnation to incarnation. Therefore, it is normal for a human soul to be born again and again only in human bodies until liberation. But there may be rare exceptions. In these exceptional cases a human soul may be born once or twice in a subhuman body to work out very bad Karma. When the bad Karma is worked out, the soul incarnates again in a human body and goes through the process of gradual spiritual evolution.


You might find this (first) book interesting, it's by a Chinese scholar so it's an insider view.
>I know nothing of liberation theology.
Neither do I! Well, not that much, just a bit about the LatAm current, there's more of Christian ones too, like Black liberation theology or that of the Dalits in India. I've read this Michael Lowy article, which I thought was a good if slightly outdated primer, and I have these books but I still haven't read. The marxist in particular Mariategui from Peru also influenced Fr. Guiterrez, a major figure of the LatAm liberation theology.


>>10447 (me)
I had a bit of time to dig more on this topic, I found these articles about Buddhist liberation theology/Dhammic socialism


>>10447 (me)
>>10498 (me)
And this on Islam.


that Yijie Tang book is really good, thanks for that

(it goes too soft on pomo tho)

File: 1641578055834.jpg (471.6 KB, 870x489, news-ECRI-Switzerland.jpg)


Why is this shithole the most expensive country to live in the world? The normie answer to that would be "well because of its economy and innovation duh". What does that even mean? When I think "country that is 10 years ahead of the world", I think of Japan, South Korea, China. Not some shithole like Switzerland. And funnily enough none of the countries I've mentioned are as expensive to live in as Switzerland. And why am I calling Switzerland a shithole you may ask? Because it's almost entirely propped up by capital, Switzerland itself has little natural resources, in a hypothetical socialist world Switzerland would fall apart as there is nothing to logically justify the existence of most of its industries.
3 posts and 1 image reply omitted. Click reply to view.


Anyone care to explain the Ivory Coast and Ghana part?


google it


>And why am I calling Switzerland a shithole you may ask? Because it's almost entirely propped up by capital
TIL USA is a shithole


>TIL USA is a shithole

How did it take you this long?


Because they Ghana turn this pussy wet like the Ivory Coast ya know what I‘m sayin fellas

File: 1630868237667.jpg (952.98 KB, 1458x1977, Trofim_Lysenko_portrait.jpg)

 No.7295[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

i'm curious to learn about him, how catastrophic was he for soviet agriculture or was he actually not all that bad? i'd appreciate some reading material about this matter too thanks
161 posts and 30 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.


>At the beginning of the 19th century, J.-B. Lamarck (1744 - 1829) put forward a hypothesis about the cause of variability. He suggested that living organisms are able to pass on to their descendants some of the characteristics acquired by them during their lifetime. “If circumstances cause the condition of individuals to become normal and permanent for them, then the internal organization of such individuals eventually changes. The offspring obtained by crossing such individuals retain the acquired changes and, as a result, a breed is formed that is very different from one whose individuals were all the time in conditions favorable for their development" 18 .

>This idea is called the inheritance of acquired traits. Lamarck himself related his assumption more to changes in the body that were the results of its own actions: exercises and non-exercise of organs, changes in diet, etc. His followers, supporters of the idea of ​​inheritance of acquired traits, called the Lamarckists, focused on changes in the body that occurred under the influence of the external environment. They attributed the possibility of inheriting acquired traits only to adaptive (adaptive) and natural, caused by natural causes (and not, for example, injuries) changes in the body.

>The concept of inheritance of acquired traits was supported by many prominent naturalists and biologists of the 19th-20th centuries: C. Darwin, K.A. Timiryazev, I.V. Michurin, L. Burbank and others. For example, Darwin wrote: “In animals, increased work or non-use of some organs has a significant effect; for example, I noticed that in a domestic duck the wing bones weigh less, and the leg bones are larger in relation to the entire skeleton than the same bones in a wild ducks, and this difference can be attributed with certainty to the fact that the domestic duck flies much less and walks more than its wild ancestors … Significant heritable development of the udder in cows and goats in those countries where these animals are usually milked, compared with animals in other countries, is probably another example of the consequences of the active work of the body" 19. Darwin also proposed a certain mechanism for the influence of changes in the body on the genetic apparatus: somatic cells that changed under the influence of adaptive reactions secreted some "gemmules" or "pangens" that carry hereditary properti
Post too long. Click here to view the full text.


Well eventually the wind or a bird will drop a seed into the water paddies


the problem was bukharin getting purged and stalin going full retard with collectivization
lysenko was just a bottomfeeder


the destruction of the kulaks and their actual agricultural expertise meant people like lysenko could come along and peddle their woo


Thank you for sharing your opinion Professor Jordan Peterson

Delete Post [ ]
[ home / rules / faq ] [ overboard / sfw / alt ] [ leftypol / siberia / hobby / tech / edu / games / anime / music / draw / AKM ] [ meta / roulette ] [ cytube / git ] [ GET / ref / marx / booru / zine ]
[ 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32 / 33 / 34 / 35 / 36 ]
| Catalog | Home