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/edu/ - Education

'The weapon of criticism cannot, of course, replace criticism of the weapon, material force must be overthrown by material force; but theory also becomes a material force as soon as it has gripped the masses.' - Karl Marx
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>Australian schools are “flying blind” and lagging globally on the use of artificial technology in classrooms, the author of a report on edtech has argued.
As long as the teacher critiques the text in dialogue with each student individually it's fine and likely more beneficial for each student than a world without automatic text generation however flawed
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ChatGPT is unreliable, it makes things up all the time. It was made to produce convincingly looking text, which makes the bullshit harder to spot. It is not useful as a learning tool, especially not for children. If you want to improve educational outcomes, the single most effective (and actually backed by science) policy is providing students with free meals. All edtech nonsense is just a way to funnel public money into private hands while making education worse for both student and teacher.


>it makes things up all the time
So no change from the current educators


If that was true, a lot more people would fail standardized tests. Unless you believe that students can learn the curriculum despite their teachers misleading them.


There's a serious point I'm making here if the student cracks the bullshit code, and education is largely lies to children and this is not a bad thing because they need to learn those simple lies to have a hope in hell of learning complex truths, by and large the teacher is upset if they're not overworked and utterly stressed then they'll give a good educational response if they are we'll…

Robot nanny doesn't have feelings or an ego and sometimes for the student cracking the bullshit code will get very interesting responses >>12264

The first subsaharan PhD at a German university delivered their thesis orally with few to no notes

They passed inb4 hurrdurr affirmative action
This was in the 17th century or so, if anything
the bias would be in the opposite direction

Automatic text generators can pass medical exams education will change for the better or it will become even more disconnected from reality

Most factories have multiple break shifts and the break shifts aren't governed by a bell btw


It can pass the (written) medical exam because there are canned answers for it. It's a fault of the exam, not an achievement of ChatGPT. It would absolutely fail an oral exam. The examiner would very quickly figure out that it does not actually understand anything it says.

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I wanna state that I'm from Pakistan and grew up in a community that was very proud of its self, we see ourselves as our ethnic group and everybody else is an outsider
Said just comes as a across as a whiny self hating cunt and applies that whiny cunt nature towards everyone outside Europe, the man knew aboustetly nothing about the middle east, south asia or the muslim world, he was a white radlib(culturally) who had the luck of having ethnic heritage to justify his basis


What? Orientalism is about cultural depictions in the west
Thanks for letting us know you're an ethnonationalist I guess


I disagreed with it, cause like it or not those ethnolouges are probably the few accurate accounts of my people, there are some bias but I have read them and they were oddly tolerate and the internetion was for understadning
Said was just to far up his own ass to see that

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Let's have a thread about chemistry. I can't be the only amateur chemist on here. To please the mods, everything in here is purely academic. Check local laws before you embark on your projects. And before you do anything, make sure you have appropriate safety equipment. Think about the worst thing that could happen to your reaction, because chances are it will. Don't be stupid.

https://www.sciencemadness.org/ The go-to site for amateur chemists
Wiki: http://www.sciencemadness.org/smwiki/index.php/Main_Page
Forums, require email registration: https://www.sciencemadness.org/whisper/

Archive.org has plenty of old chemistry textbooks. The most useful ones for me are those meant to teach youngsters from the early 1900's.

NurdRage, the OG channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/NurdRage
NileRed, the internet's premier piss chemist: https://www.youtube.com/user/TheRedNile
NileBlue, secondary channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1D3yD4wlPMico0dss264XA
Explosions&Fire, energetic materials: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCVovvq34gd0ps5cVYNZrc7A
Extractions&Ire, secondary channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvFApMFo_AafXbHRyEJefjA
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> >How do you predict how two substances will react and what they will produce?
>what substances did you have in mind?
>>Or is chemistry some sort of big library of trial and error where you memorize what happens?
Yeah nvm, I figured in the meantime that chemistry essentially is some sort of large library of known facts through experimentation where only category wise we can predict some things that are essentially already known. At least that‘s how I would put it.

>>Right now I'm trying to make a hydrogen peroxide solution more acidic, but I don't know how much it will compromise the hydrogen peroxide concentration itself, because the acid may react with it.

>what acid?
Phosphoric acid. But never mind, I already figured that one out. Both are weak acids, but phosphoric acid is much stronger and will be the main determinant of the resulting pH. Also it won‘t have a reaction with the hydrogen peroxide itself as far as I understand it.

>sometimes you can dissolve a known larger amount in a solution then take a suitable fraction of the solution

True, but the substance I bought was expensive as fuck and I only have small quantities of it. I‘m getting a proper scale for it and will increase the volume of the solution, although I wanted to avoid that.


>Yeah nvm, I figured in the meantime that chemistry essentially is some sort of large library of known facts through experimentation where only category wise we can predict some things that are essentially already known. At least that‘s how I would put it.
chemistry is more or less "lies for children" all the way down. but often times those lies work well enough
>True, but the substance I bought was expensive as fuck and I only have small quantities of it. I‘m getting a proper scale for it and will increase the volume of the solution, although I wanted to avoid that.
you could try and make a coke line out of it then cut a piece of it by length
I have a scale with 10mg resolution. once you want to go more accurate than that prices quickly shoot up


>you could try and make a coke line out of it then cut a piece of it by length
I have a scale with 10mg resolution. once you want to go more accurate than that prices quickly shoot up
Yeah, I will have to blow some money for that


Is it futile trying to work out the density of something like an enzyme? I am concocting a watery solution with an enzyme. I know its concentration in molarity and also know the mass I need. I know the volume of all other relevant substances besides that of the (distilled) water, which would be the total volume minus the volume of all the other substances, which I know besides that of the enzyme, for which I initially thought I would use its density to figure that out. I can‘t find that value though. Perhaps you work with something else in case enzymes/proteins?


Nevermind, already found my solution.

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One of the recent trend in youtube video productions, and one of my favorite and best thing to come of this media imo, has been the birth of various field experts that start doing the work of actually explaining to the enthusiast various knowledge relevant to their skills, an act know as "vulgarization".

Vulgarization has always been a concern of science, because sharing the knowledge is an important part of the process, and many advances are made from people who just happen to have some relevant knowledge to a problem in their own field, or who need a problem fixed and hear of a new thing that might be applicable to their case. Nobody can build upon a knowledge he does not know yet.
But it was sadly limited by the need for the expert to use intermediaries, such as "science journalists", to reach a wide audience, with all the misconceptions someone not educated on the subject can bring, and the high cost for the enthusiast who'd like to know more of a subject, but can't really justify going to a specialist conference far away where he won't understand half of it just cause a subject sound interesting.

Youtube has allowed some of these more pedagogic experts to do focused vulgarization on important piece of their fields, with often surprising quality given the lack of financial means.

So here I will share my favorites ones, and ask you to share if you know of any good ones yourself, because sadly, all the ones I know of are in my own language.

First, Homo Fabulus, a biologist.
I recommend taking a look at his serie on morality, and it's potential biological origin.
(note: it's in french, but for that one there are english subtitles available)

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thunderf00t has some cringe content but he also does important work debunking dumb futurist meme tech


for history I like Military History Visualized




I have unironic OCD and my obsession right now is learning about both State control(taxation,permits,regulations,administrations) and big-corporations,techno-chemical global power(sources of energy,of food, of transporation for both, trans-oceanic commerce,banking)
which serious, scholarly books do I read?
which official websites do I consult?
im specially Interested in corruption in the food industry, pollution against humans, plastic islands in the oceans,and basically the alleged massive Antrophocenic extinction
>learning about the vast extent of taxation shields practical benefits,too


Read the tax code front to back.


AYE,Im reading the list of my countrys taxes. but it feels…incomplete.
I guess I should ask a lawyer for more info? my cousin is a lawyer.
also I guess buying a non-national product implies paying,also,for the taxes it underwent overseas?

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 No.2554[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

what do the german anons here think of the german democratic republic ?
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it's over


God, what a depressing read.


Why'd you remove this? I was reading it.


Well, for anyone interested, here it is on archive.org



Here is the PDF again, dunno why OP deleted it.

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Thread for History of Ancient China up until the end of the Chinese Empire
Discuss History, Mythology, Archeology, Socio-Economics, Politics and Culture of Ancient China. This includes Tibet, Korea and Mongolia.
Leftypedia >>3780 requires an article on Ancient China, all that is covered is the current People's Republic

Important Topics
>Mythology and Legends and their Modern Cultural Impacts
A society that arose at the beginning of human civilization, China's culture is enormous and diverse. Legends and mythology of China such as Fa Mulan and Journey to the West are just prominent examples of legends that influenced others across the globe. Recommend and discuss literature or myths on this.

>Eastern Philosophy, Culture and Religion

The East, especially China developed several unique religions and philosophies utterly separate from the primarily Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian philosophies of Western and Central Europe as well as the Middle East. The 3 primary Chinese philosophies are Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. Discuss the merits of these.

>Military Conflicts and Everyday Life in Ancient China

Society in China developed on its own and so it had much different ways of life. China is also known for having massive conflicts, some of the first to have millions of men fight at a time. China is known for it's generals such as author of "The Art of War"* Sun Tzu, Han Xing and CaoCao.

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The stone great wall was built during the Ming dynasty around 700 years ago and was built over the original Qin great wall which is 2200 years old. What tourists see today is the Ming dynasty wall. The original wall was almost exclusively built from rammed earth (compressed dirt) and very little of it survives to this day. Also parts of the great wall had been built before the Qin unified China so the Qin dynasty did not built the whole length of the wall.


The first Dengist: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guan_Zhong
>He is also credited for creating the first official government sponsored brothel known as "女市" which funded the government treasury.

>The debate was characterized by two opposing factions, the reformists and the modernists. The reformists were largely Confucian scholars who opposed the policies of Emperor Wu and demanded the abolition of the monopolies on salt and iron, an end to the state price stabilization schemes, and huge cuts in government expenditures to reduce the burden on the citizenry. The Modernists supported the continuation of Emperor Wu's policies in order to appropriate the profits of private merchants into state coffers to fund the government's military and colonization campaigns in the north and west.
>The modernists survived this debate with most of their policies intact, with only the monopoly on liquor abolished, although Sang was later executed in 80 BCE for treason.[19][20] Reformists gradually gained more power through the rest of Former Han, due to the growing unsustainability of the Modernists' policies. They briefly succeeded in getting the central government monopolies on salt and iron abolished from 44 to 41 BCE, though this was unsuccessful and the monopolies resumed until the end of Wang Mang's (r. 9–23 CE) regime, which imposed ultra-modernist policies.[21][22]
>The reformist view was based on the Confucian ideal which sought to bring about the betterment of man by conformity to fundamental moral principles. To achieve this, they wished to reduce controls, demands for service, and taxation to a minimum. The reformists' criticism of the monopolies largely centered on the idea that the state "should not compete with the people for profit", as it would tend to oppress the citizenry while doing so; mercantile ventures were not "proper activities for the state".[11] They pointed out that the monopolies had placed an immense burden on the citizenry. In addition, the reformists complained that the state monopolies oppressed the people by producing low-quaPost too long. Click here to view the full text.


screennshotting this to spam at people


They have carbon dated these things I'm pretty sure?
I'm more willing to trust archeology over wacky Marxist "muh spectacle" racist French dude with a hate boner for MLs who seems to think it just looks hard to do therefore it's fake.


I'm not some Bourgeois elitist, after all the Divide between mental and physical labor is something socialist states have tried to overcome. But I mean come on, when you're only evidences is it looks hard to do it and not in depth archaeological and historical research you just sound retarded. Debord has some interests works which has contributed to theory but this just a schizo position to take.


What essentially distinguishes European colonialism from conquests we have seen in the past, for example the Roman Empire? Is it the permanence of inequality founded on race that reasoned chattel slavery or extermination? Has this not existed in the past in some similar form? Genuinely curious.


bout tree fiddy


Hi, I'll be doing a group project in uni for a "business ethics of new technology" filler course soon. We picked the topic of "propaganda and censorship in social networks" and I basically want to dunk on Western social media for being hypocritical about muh freedom of speech and muh Chinese/Russian state media and demonstrate how these companies are "socially irresponsible" with their behavior.
Basically, what I need is some literature to cite on how privatized censorship and propaganda work in modern liberal societies, specifically on Facebook, Google services or Twitter. Manufacturing Consent would be an obvious position if not for the fact it predates the current era.
Context: the teacher is a priest very outspokenly into "personalist" morality and Christian Democracy/milquetoast socdemmery/whatever ideology Rerum Novarum actually advocates for, and has explicitly asserted the liberal assumption that having private property is a fundamental human right, so no open praising of communism or anything like that.
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Update: We got an A.
Late to the party, but thanks anyway.


(btw all the post except urs and >>12034 are mine lmao)

are you willing to share ur paper? It'd be a good resource i think, if it ties this stuff together well. I'm trying to build up a collected of this kind of shit, to have evidence immediately on hand of how undemorcatic and manipulative liberal states still are in the modern day.


>share your paper
Unfortunately, it's not really a paper so much as a PowerPoint, and it's pretty shit from a layout/density of information point of view, one of our team members had no idea what she was supposed to do and just dumped Wikipedia definitions over a couple of slides.
Also, it's not in English.


Catlin Johnstone might have something that would help.


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So the deep state glowies almost outright even say they're gonna run psyops, nowadays.


There's not much use to seperate public and private when they are always linked, furthermore.


Psychoanalysis thus far is pseudoscience whose potential merit is heavily tainted by its philosophically idealist foundation to rationalize what is being dealt with. It‘s just mambo jambo that can appear coherent on its own while in actuality not relating to the thing it tries to reference in the real world. For that reason the cultural and personal biases of its prominent thinkers easily seeped into their theories and conceptions without a systemic process available to weed these biases out and refute their theories. Their theories and conceptions can only in retrospect be regarded as nonsensical from the lens of a different cultural outlook that can‘t relate to its original motive. An example would be Freud‘s concept of an immature and mature female orgasm, which precedented a male-centric view on sex, which likely stemmed from Freud having been raised in a patriarchal society. Aspects of psychoanalysis try to relate to the material, which is great, but thinkers like Lacan could not escape the philosophically inferior outlook of a capitalist society, as he conceptualized the human psyche as a system that operates on formal logic and grammar.


>At others, phonemes from a repressed signifier may recombine to produce a new signifier, as in the following dream, recounted by a Jewish woman living in London.
<There was this really annoying spider – I am afraid of spiders, but this one was more annoying than scary. It just kept bothering me, and somehow, I had to be nice to it. I couldn’t just squash it, I had to talk to it. But it kept getting in my face and annoying me. It looked, well, not much like a spider – more a little ball of fluff with a dark centre and sort of light woolly hair coming off it.
>In talking about it, she realises that the feelings she has articulated towards this spider are the same feelings she has been experiencing towards a neighbour, whom she suspects of having an affair with her husband. She has described this neighbour as ‘lightweight’, ‘an airhead’, and racist – in a previous session, she said that this woman would have, during World War II, been a Nazi sympathiser. Her description of the spider describes her annoyance with the woman, ‘a bit of fluff’ to whom she is obliged to be ‘nice’, even though she hates her and fears her. One can imagine that the signifier Nazi ‘sympathiser’ – how she thinks of the neighbour – could be reduced to the phonic elements ‘s’ – ‘p’ – ‘i’ – ‘er’ and recombined into ‘spider’ – and the fact that this dream is not about a spider is confirmed in the un-spider-likeness of the description of a lightweight ball of blond-ish fluff.

Lmaoo pseudo shit.


Yea, though at it's heart psychoanalysis still was a revolution in science. Like all who take up the task of creating something really new, Freud was unable to fully move beyond the past. The novel aspect is fully accepting the mind as something that can be analyzed externally, as scientists analyze other objects. The brain is incredibly complex, but we have many obvious inputs, and our verbal output. Relying on analysis of people's testimony (and analysis rather than taking it as 1:1 truth of the inner workings - similar to the difference between presentation and logic talked about by Marxists). Obviously yea it's a ridiculous patriarchal assumption to think that an analyst has privileged insight into the real meaning of people's statements. But in historical context, it laid the groundwork for a materialist science of the mind.


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been a while since I read picrel, and I was probably too young to appreciate it, but between the reliance on hypnosis and the way he shoehorned sex into absolutely everything, I was pretty unimpressed


>Yea, though at it's heart psychoanalysis still was a revolution in science (…) The novel aspect is fully accepting the mind as something that can be analyzed externally
Some people who got sentenced to death were killed by damaging the brain more and more and checking how the damage affected them. In Greece two thousand years ago.

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