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File: 1608528406937.jpeg (89.33 KB, 1023x378, jengels.jpeg)

 No.4620[Reply]

>The free people’s state is transformed into the free state. Grammatically speaking, a free state is one in which the state is free vis-à-vis its citizens, a state, that is, with a despotic government. All the palaver about the state ought to be dropped, especially after the Commune, which had ceased to be a state in the true sense of the term. The people’s state has been flung in our teeth ad nauseam by the anarchists, although Marx’s anti-Proudhon piece and after it the Communist Manifesto declare outright that, with the introduction of the socialist order of society, the state will dissolve of itself and disappear. Now, since the state is merely a transitional institution of which use is made in the struggle, in the revolution, to keep down one’s enemies by force, it is utter nonsense to speak of a free people’s state; so long as the proletariat still makes use of the state, it makes use of it, not for the purpose of freedom, but of keeping down its enemies and, as soon as there can be any question of freedom, the state as such ceases to exist. We would therefore suggest that Gemeinwesen ["community"] be universally substituted for state; it is a good old German word that can very well do service for the French “Commune.”
https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1875/letters/75_03_18.htm
What did Engels mean by this?

>pic unrelated

it's what comes up when you search for images of Engels
3 posts omitted. Click reply to view.
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 No.4624

>>4623
>Does he think the transitional state be exactly the same as the state that precedes it?
It’s core function of class domination is the same, because class domination is the defining feature of the Marxist understanding of the state. The difference is that it now works to secure the proletariat as the ruling class.
>because "state" does not adequately describe the dictatorship of the proletariat that is to be present in the transitional stage.
Why not?
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 No.4625

Ruling classes' power needs constant maintenance, therefore it constantly needs a state, therefore letting the state wither one day would be full retard.
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 No.4626

>>4625
What if there's no ruling class?
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 No.4627

It means the dictatorship of the proletariat is not about freedom, it is about destroying bourgeois power. Therefore it will be "authoritarian," "totalitarian," "oppressive," etc. There can be no freedom until classes cease to exist and the state fades away.
We need to realize that his has been a weakness in previous attempts at socialism. We need a reign of terror that will make Stalin look like a pacifist.
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 No.4628

>>4624
>It’s core function of class domination is the same, because class domination is the defining feature of the Marxist understanding of the state.
Then why did Engels say the Paris Commune ceased being a state?
>the Commune, which had ceased to be a state in the true sense of the term.
If the Commune was a DotP according to Marx, how can Engels say it had ceased to be a state?

States arise as forms of class domination 'out of' class struggle, but does that necessarily mean that what we consider a state is the 'only' form of class domination? For example, why can't a band of workers in a city get together and kick out, kill, exile all the land owners and appropriate their wealth? Is that not class domination in the absence of a state?

>Why not?

I don't know. Engels said the word "community" should be substituted for "state". I am asking why? Surely he didn't mean it as a stylistic choice, there must have been a reason why the word "state" and its definition became poorly suited for the task, for Engels, after the Paris Commune. Did Engels want to expand the definition of the "state" to include other forms of governing or did "state" refer to a particular historical form of class domination?

>>4625
>Ruling classes' power needs constant maintenance, therefore it constantly needs a state, therefore letting the state wither one day would be full retard.
That's close to what I'm getting at. Humans will always need some sort of organisation, a system of reproduction of society. Unless we're all gonna become a linked super-brain and humans will coordinate and build society together just as easy as we lift a glass of water and drink from it alone Why does organisation always have to be called a state, especially when Engels was ready to drop that term in 1875?

Post too long. Click here to view the full text.


File: 1608528172411.png (1.35 MB, 1534x942, his african culture.png)

 No.2300[Reply]

I saw this picture (pic related) on another thread, and I am actually pretty curious about the topic.

Any good suggestions (books, videos, texts) for getting into African philosophy, culture and art?
20 posts and 2 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.
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 No.4594

>>4592
what is the point of studying thinkers that believe the earth is flat?
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 No.4596

>>4594
>People thought the earth was flat bf copernicus
wrong
you probably mean geocentrism but even that is not entirely true
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 No.4602

>>4594
Circular Earth has been the norm since Anaxagoras and Plato.
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 No.4611

>>4588
have you got a pdf of them
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 No.4629



File: 1608528393436.jpg (24.46 KB, 336x396, calc.jpg)

 No.4457[Reply]

This is a thread to review/learn calculus.

We will all be reading through James Stewart's "Calculus" 4e edition.

see: http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=67AF6FA4D6DAB692F81A09B6A2EBCC7B

This is inspired by my need to review undergraduate mathematics due to work/school purposes. I'm a bit rusty and I've forgotten a ton of math.

We will start by doing problems from his algebra review pdf which is prep for the calc problems.
7 posts and 2 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.
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 No.4486

Based. I'm a maths grad and am free to help if you reach any impasses.
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 No.4497

>stewart's calculus
>not keisler's infinitesimal approach
take the hyperreal pill
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 No.4532

>>4461
3. 2x(x-5) = 2x^2 -10x
4. (4-3x)x = 4x - 3x^2
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 No.4613

>>4480
How is this possible, did you just rote memorize the algebra rules you needed in Calc?
You need a decent grasp on Algebra to pass Calc.
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 No.4617

>>4613
Took Algebra 1 for 4th time in college and moved up literally all the way from there until Calc 2

it was really hard because I basically gave so little of a fuck past the 6th grade I still struggle with some basic calculations even after 2 years of non stop mathematics


File: 1608528291142.png (2.43 MB, 2134x4810, 1595627890381.png)

 No.3354[Reply]

How accurate is it?
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 No.4612

I wikipedia this you wikipedia that
based /his/ chart nonetheless
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 No.4614

>nazis and soviets get high wackiness quotient
>"our guys" and everyone else don't
hmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
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 No.4616

>>4614
The Canadian got 90%


File: 1608528081729.jpg (5.34 KB, 238x212, download.jpg)

 No.1382[Reply]

What if I wanted to read more or less "contemporary" philosophers like Sartre, Beauvoir, Adorno, Deleuze, Zizek, Badiou, etc.. but don't have the time and, dare I say, sufficient interest to go through Kant, Plato, Aristotle, and all the other classical authors of philosophy? How much do I have to lose? I'm willing to spend a couple of months reading Plato, but I think I'm only willing to go through secondary sources for Aristotle. Same goes for the philosophers that predated the "contemporary" ones mentioned above. I'd be willing to read a history and primer on German idealism and maybe even read primary enlightenment texts if I have to.

So how much do I have to lose? People who are good at philosophy please answer.
16 posts and 3 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.
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 No.1442

>>1387
t. theorylet
without philosophy there is no Marx
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 No.4574

>>1387
>political economy
So shitty philosophy?
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 No.4575

File: 1608528403659.jpeg (424.24 KB, 2000x1200, d&g.jpeg)

This might be better in a separate thread but whatever.

Would it be a bad idea to learn French by reading the untranslated works of Deleuze and Guattari? Perhaps I should stick to the existentialists.
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 No.4578

Thanks for the material in this thread guys, really good stuff.
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 No.4582

>>4575
I think it's good to practice any skill just on the threshold of difficulty, so my guess is that if you're in the process of learning French D&G might be not ideal. (They are, after all, often regarded as infamously unclear.) That's why my own French reading at this moment is just newspapers and popular histories. But if it works for you go for it.


File: 1608527944532.jpg (65.54 KB, 604x381, nigelaskey.jpg)

 No.220[Reply]

This guy Is called nigel askey, and is apparently a legitimate historian. He published a paper debunking TIK's claim that the K/D ratio of the soviets during WW was 1/1.6, instead claiming that the soviets lost over 4 more times as many combatants as the Germansduring WW2. Here is his paper. I'm not a qualified historian and I dont have access to acrhives or time to research, so I can't debunk him.

http://www.operationbarbarossa.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Essay-alt-view-TIK-presentation.pdf

I checked out his website and alsthough he does seem to be knowledgeable, he makes certain ridiculous claims that the "Vicors write history" in WW2, and the allies covered up how technologically and tactically inferior they were to the germans.
44 posts and 2 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.
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 No.2008

>>1841
I've read that 1.3:1 irreplaceable casualty ratio is also what US and British forces had fighting against Germany.
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 No.3045

>>2008
Where did you see that?
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 No.3362

Post some more Wehraboo arguments and get to debunking them!
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 No.4519

>https://s1.desu-usergeneratedcontent.xyz/trash/image/1606/50/1606504832714.jpg
&ltLe epic "Muh poor Warsaw unhelped by evul Stalin"
What is with /pol/ and putting their ideology into everything including porn?
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 No.4595

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrKDBFJoo2w&ab_channel=USNationalArchives

Some archive documentaries

Also can anyone help me find an old documentary about Nazi atrocities? I remember it distinctly because among the footage used were filmed portions of Belarus villages and a literal piles of baby corpses torched alive by the nazi scum.


File: 1608528392715.jpg (231.02 KB, 750x915, 1606319516057.jpg)

 No.4449[Reply]

Penguin Random House Parent Company buys Simon & Schuster
10 posts and 2 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.
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 No.4538

I'm jelly of first worlders, they can get books for so cheap. Everything here is expensive, even used books in tatters.
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 No.4552

Does that mean the Penguin classics catalog will get bigger?
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 No.4564

>>4449
They should burn all the Chodehouse books if they are going. Chodehouse is baby crap. I don't read it and I don't need it shoved down my fucking throat cause manbaby will pee pee his pants if you don't read it.
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 No.4579

>>4527
>shopindie
unfortunate word choice
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 No.4580

I truly can't stand hearing about Chodehouse. Try talking about something I actually care about. Even just one page. Everyone here backs me up too. They don't want to hear some fat geek recite his favorite Chodehouse gags. Try to read and discuss somethin I fucking care about. Chodehouse peeves me off to no end.


File: 1608528083877.jpg (68.21 KB, 1280x720, maxresdefault.jpg)

 No.1395[Reply]

What can you guys tell me about "Time Travel"?
9 posts and 1 image reply omitted. Click reply to view.
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 No.1432

In a way, going to the future is possible if you move at relativistic speeds.
Going to the past would require moving at above the speed of light.
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 No.1510

>>

 No.1520

>>1395
worst movie plot
>>

 No.4568

File: 1608528402593.jpg (55.96 KB, 722x349, b01.jpg)

>>1423
Here's not much better.
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 No.4577

>>1396
This is the plot of Steins;Gate.


File: 1608527927010.jpg (79.24 KB, 597x424, antique-painting.jpg)

 No.79[Reply]

Post any weird and obscure history facts that you know of
28 posts and 10 image replies omitted. Click reply to view.
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 No.727

In the 1930s a party member called Gorbachev was executed during the great purge
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 No.759

The Camera was invented simultaneously by three different people at the same time in the 1830s without any of them having been aware of one another's work.

Hércules Florence, in Brazil, in 1832
Daguerre & Niépce, in France, in the 1820s-30s (they were partners, and had both created proto-photographs independently, but it wasn't until their later collaboration that led to the Daguerreotype in 1834-6)
Henry Fox Talbot, in Britain, in 1834
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 No.761

File: 1608528013162.jpg (25.71 KB, 440x348, tails.jpg)

the Spanish civil war ended on the first of April, please tell me the national victory was just a joke, we actually won right?
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 No.4566

>>79
Night 272 of the Arabian Nights includes a brief tale relating to the fall of Toledo in Spain. It is said that the monarchs of the city kept a room in the tower locked but the last king decided to open it. Inside he found pictures of Arab soldiers and a note saying that the city would fall to Islam were the room ever opened. This supposedly happened in 711, the year Toledo fell.
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 No.4567

>>299
*laugh track*


File: 1608528374489.jpg (212.11 KB, 417x498, 1600614433879.jpg)

 No.4202[Reply]

I can't concentrate when reading on a computer screen, is it a bad idea or nah? Ideally I'm only going to buy cheap used stuff I find.

Another question, should I try to get the absolute best translation and publisher or is does it not matter what edition I get as long as I freaking read something?
12 posts and 1 image reply omitted. Click reply to view.
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 No.4243

>>4239
Hardcover is better because the book is far less likely to get torn or the cover itself wear out. Paperback books are known to be cheap because they're shoddy 90% of the time.
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 No.4244

>>4239
>>4241
Adding to this I'd also get a hardcover if it's a reference work that you're going to be opening often.
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 No.4245

>>4203
Ok, but Realtalk.
I was planning on ordering some Cockshott to read it in physical, but this whole "will be put on a List" is worriesome
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 No.4246

>>4245
tbh cockshott is very low risk. It's basically all computer science, maths, planned economy shit, as opposed to 'let's kill and maim every land owner' and so on
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 No.4540

me too anon. used bookstores/op shops are great, and if your area has based unions they occasionally have some prole literature.


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