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/edu/ - Education

'The weapon of criticism cannot, of course, replace criticism of the weapon, material force must be overthrown by material force; but theory also becomes a material force as soon as it has gripped the masses.' - Karl Marx
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A list of reading groups and their schedules that have chosen to advertise themselves here. Take a minute to check them out. If you would like to promote your reading group, feel free to leave a comment telling people where they can go.

>>5912 /read/

>>6162 Continental Floppa
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What is "Mythologies" by Toland Barthes?


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Roland Barthes is one of several theorists associated with structuralism and post-structuralism. Start with these books then read Saussure, Levi-Strauss, Jakobson, Barthes, Lacan, Althusser, Deleuze, Guattari, Foucault, Baudrillard, Derrida, and Kristeva

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 No.9298[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

ITT: resources and tips about navigating the Internet and researching topics

Feel free to post your own resources and tips too.

I'm going to post a lot of my own that I have gathered over the years.
I ask that random chit-chat in this thread is kept to a minimum except regarding technical questions & answers on the topic matter.
This is so that resources are kept as compact as possible, and so, readable.

First I'll dump resources and tips for researching various topics.
Note: I don't even have access to or use some of these myself (e.g. LexisNexis which seems to be pay-to-use), but I figure they could be helpful in some narrow cases. I use most of these myself. If the initial things I post don't interest you, keep reading anyway. I'm going to be dumping a lot of content.

Find key terms in newspapers and magazines.
I would say this is more helpful for finding sources that do exist rather than for reading them, per se. You can try to read the articles elsewhere than PressReader if you know their titles or part of their body text. The site appears to brand itself as pay-to-use, however you can use the search tool anyway and even read some resulting articles.
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Not entirely true, I get those ads too despite never having read anything Korean whatsoever.


Can anyone recommend me books or chapters or writings talking about the overproduction and ineffective production of capitalism? And how is the communist is different


Reading group for Volume 1 of Capital. The reading pace will adjust to suit the group, but we will aim for an average of 1 chapter per week, starting slower and speeding up as we move from abstract to concrete toward the end.

The Book
The version we are using as our standard is the Penguin Classics edition (attached .epub) but others including other languages are fine. We are only planning to read Volume 1 currently.
There has also been an audiobook suggested which matches this version of the text and may be useful to helping read it.
Audiobook: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLUjbFtkcDBlSHVigHHx_wjaeWmDN2W-h8

The Format
This thread is intended for
<announcements and updates
<supplementary material.
<long-form posts, effortposts, OC
<slower discussion in general
The matrix chat is intended for
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I'd rather not wade through it again, to be honest my comprehension of it is lacking compared to volume one, but I probably should.

I think this topic is worthy of sending a thread off the bottom of the catalogue.

Want to make a new thread about it here in /edu/?


i already read entire Vol1 more than year ago. I have no started Vol2 still. Probably lot of anons in same situation. Lets start with Vol2 now

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What should I read if I want to be a Maoist intellectual?

The only authors I've been suggested are Althusser and Badiou. Who else?
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Would Mao have approved of October 7th?


Usually the main criticism is Sakai uses a lot of quote mining.


Sison wrote a textbook on Maoism, similar to the one anon posted here >>21212


Any books that are unironically pro-Khmer Rouge or pro-Shining Path?

I know Jan Myrdal (Swedish NazBol) has praised Pol Pot before.


Also Herbert Marcuse wrote a book on Heideggerian Marxism

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 No.8394[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

CIA / FBI / Fed / Conspiracy General
"The X-Files got nothing on this shit"
This Thread is dedicated for the discussion, analysis and reveal of obscure information on the shadowy hands of capitalism and fascism - the federal agents - and their efforts as part of the porky hydra. Propaganda and conspiracies of these Alphabet agencies and their impacts today and past are to be discussed.
Information and discussion on the OSS and NSA or equivalent government agencies of other countries - such as MI6 of Britain or the Nazi Gestapo - are also encouraged to be posted. KGB and FSB can be discussed too.
Technology for spying and espionage are also welcome. NATO and US military abuses or the affairs of corporate military-industrial complexes that are covered or hushed up also apply. Whistleblowers like Assange and Snowden are permitted sources of information as well.

Please contribute to leftypedia >>3780
Debunking anti-leftist myths >>4210 including debunking of "Le Holohoax"

Rules: No idpol drama, no anti-communist rhetoric, no sectarianism, no soyjak spam or emotional gaslighting; Glowies Keep Out!

Major Topics:
>Anti-Communist Action:
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This is why you don't fucking use the Embed function without listing a title and URL for the video, or just uploading an mp4/webm. The video can be deleted, the Embed system can malfunction, the uploader may have their channel removed, etc.

In COINTELPRO, FBI used anarchism to 'disrupt left', attack Vietnam & USSR

The X files intro and opening theme

The CIA - 70 years in Ukraine
A nine minute segment from Part 2 of Doug Valentine's The CIA As Organized Crime. For 70 years the CIA has been working to undermine and occupy Ukraine to bring down Russia using such things as paramilitaries, right wing Nazi groups, corrupt politicians and businessmen, coups, and warfare in the eastern Ukraine region of the Donbass.


the US Army covered up losses in the Gulf Wars (1991-2009) in various ways, from misreporting cause of destroyed equipment such as tanks and planes, to misreporting cause of death of soldier, or even reporting people as MIA or whatever and mass cremating their bodies instead of sending them to their families.

For both wars and in general US activity there during the Bush Administrations, the number of losses is ridiculously low. Total is was several hundred corpses. Some partially cremated bodies had their remains landfilled in the 2000s. The video was on a wiki-leaks type site that had an insider describe what was happening and why. The site had 'grey' in it but it wasn't The Grayzone.

This was partially covered half-a-decade later in The Washington Post but they only covered the partially cremated ones that got landfilled within a few years, and brushed over the cremations and those corpses that had not been authorized to be disposed of by the families, probably because it would be too much of a scandal.


>This week, after The Post pressed for information contained in the Dover mortuary’s electronic database, the Air Force produced a tally based on those records. It showed that 976 fragments from 274 military personnel were cremated, incinerated and taken to the landfill between 2004 and 2008. An additional group of 1,762 unidentified remains were collected from the battlefield and disposed of in the same manner, the Air Force said. Those fragments could not undergo DNA testing because they had been badly burned or damaged in explosions. The total number of incinerated fragments dumped in the landfill exceeded 2,700.

If it's 976 fragments from 274 people, then that comes out to ~3.5 fragments per person, with a relatively poor sampling size. Assuming this, 2,700 divided by 3.5 gives 771 people disposed of this way. Varying the bar from averaging 3 to 4 this gives between 675 to 900 people. Of course this doesn't necessarily mean all of thPost too long. Click here to view the full text.


thoughts? bunk or accurate information/analysis?


>>8401 wow crazy




it gets re-uploaded occasionally

if you have trouble with youtube search giving you msm or unrelated videos you can also google search with site:youtube.com


longer interview same topic
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Recently got this book, because it sounded interesting and reading the first pages I found it to be promising. So I'm dropping it in here. Perhaps we can talk about it.

It's a collection of essays by Evald Ilyenkov, a Soviet philosopher, who acted as a figure to make Hegel's role in Marxism understandable and accessible to the general public.
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>Evald Ilyenkov
I like some of his stuff but he's a bit too much of a hegelian for me. I lean towards the anti Humanist stances, kinda like althusser though I think his structuralism leans too far much into postmodern positions and his comments on political economy can be retarded especially on the productive relations. their was a brand of anti Humanist sentiment within the early Soviet Union though (prolekult specifically, though I have my issues with them).
> i never read any hegel, only marx+lenin+stalin
Have you ever thought about reading Plekhanov before?


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Say what you want about Althusser, but he put anti-humanism into practice



David Bakhurst - Discussing "Ilyenkov's Hegel" from "The Heart of the Matter"

Nov 26, 2023 David is author of the ground-breaking "Consciousness and Revolution in Soviet Philosophy: From the Bolsheviks to Evald Ilyenkov". He is George Whalley Distinguished University Professor and John and Ella G. Charlton Professor of Philosophy at Queen's university, Ontario.

In this discussion we focus on his essay "Ilyenkov's Hegel", from his latest book "The Heart of the Matter: Ilyenkov, Vygotsky, and the Courage of Thought". The essay helps to situate Ilyenkov in his philosophical context and explore some of his goals and motivations.


I saw + read this article, have very minimal thoughts about it. Anyone else seen it?

It critiques dialectical logic, specifically the concept of 'contradiction'. Specifically goes against Ilyenkov a few times too.

Personally it wasn't that interesting, from the start it makes clear that the only contradiction they will be talking about is formal contradiction, like "it is sunny today" vs "it is not sunny today". And later on it quotes Marx and mentions how when Marx says 'contradiction' he really could have just called it a social conflict or something. This is basically my view as well - it's not that useful to talk about contradictions, we have in the material realm, conflicts, and in the linguistic/theoretical realm, unresolveable issues of definition, of identity and non-identity and their interrelation. To me that's the heart of dialectics, the fact that any given thing's claim to total integrity as a concept is ultimately indefensible, yet difference is still maintained. That's the kind of 'contradiction' I see, the contradiction between the truth of any definition and it's failure to faithfully capture the reality it attempts to enclose, either because of deficits, broadness, or internal difference. It's all about that difference and identity. Do these concepts come before those of formal logic? It seems like a meta-logic, because the question of contradiction is of an abstract claim about reality being contradicted by another exactly opposite claim, it's about the negation of the original claim, and the paradox between that negation and the relative validity of the claim. Anyways I might be off on this last thought idk.

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I've always found it weird that this event is never mentioned all too often, like from what I understand
>Muhammad and his followers in 622, facing hostility, flee from Mecca (a major regional trading center) to surrounding areas, specifically the city of Medina .
>After establishing themselves, they begin a protracted counter-war, chipping away at the Qurashi trading routes, and finally conquering the city. At 630,
>Muhammad dies in 632, the early Muslim expansion begins at 634
at what point does the rest of the Arabian peninsula get conquered/absorbed into the caliphate and why was it so easy to bring them into the fold then the Quraysh?


It was in 628-630 after the treaty of Hudaybiya when Muhammad sent letters to every Arab ruler and notable non-Arab ones. At that point Muhammad had basically defeated Quraysh militarily, controlled the trade routes going to the Byzantine empire & Europe, and was well-known throughout the peninsula.
Exceptions to that were other Hijazi tribes and the Ghassanids who were vassals of the Byzantines, they were conquered militarily after Mecca.

Of course, since this was a diplomatic expansion based on "trust me bro" and Muhammad's reputation, the Arab rulers did revolt after his death and then subdued. You might argue that this was when the Muslims actually controlled the peninsula.


but why was every other Arabian power, seemingly so easy to conquer then Quarish?


Shit snowballs, I guess. They had more men & money by the time of the ridda wars.
Also if you look further into it, the Muslims weren't soloing the tribes in these areas, but had a bunch of local allies supporting their rule against local enemies.

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 No.14131[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

the way i explain the labor to people is very simple. I cut straight to the chase.

I say these things, usually not all at once. I let people chew on each one:

> 1 If you’re a boss, and you own a business, you have to pay the worker less than their work is worth.

> 2 If you pay them exactly what their work is worth, you don’t make any money, your business won’t grow, and you’ll get bought out by some asshole who pays workers less.
> 3 If you pay a worker more than their work is worth, you’re losing money, your business will shrink, and you’ll go out of business.
> 4 the problem is the system, because the way the system is set up, workers have to beg for a job from people who own the places we work at, and the bosses only give the job to the lowest bidder, the people willing to do the most in exchange for the least in return.
> 5 everybody who can't get a job has to keep looking for a job until they get so desperate they start selling themselves for less and less
> 6 even with how little they pay us they think it's too much. so they constantly look for ways to make more money and pay less money.
> 7 they send our jobs overseas to where the labor is cheaper, and they want us to blame the people overseas even though they're the ones sending the jobs off and calling themselves job creators while they do it
> 8 they hire a bunch of overeducated nerds to make machines and programs to do our jobs for us, so they can fire us, and then they take credit for what those nerds make
> 9 they give the jobs to people who just got here and are usually running away from some fucked up shit like war and are therefore more desperate than even the average schmuck here is
> 10 despite all this shit they do to get rid of us or make us work for less money, they still need to sell the stuff they make, and if everyone's too poor to buy that shit, then they gotta lower the price
> 11 the faster they make stuff, the cheaper that stuff is because less work goes into makin it, and money is just a piece of paper that says some work got done
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Some of you should go tabling sometime.


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Nice thread OP. I've been becoming a leftist only very recently mostly because of youtube videos and truth be told I rarely if ever feel like reading nonfiction. To me reading ten bazillion pages of theory just feels beyond fucking boring, so stuff like this is what I live for. Thanks.


if you don't want to read capital, then just read "Wage Labour and Capital" which was specifically made for working people to have a brief idea


>When people demand higher wages prices go up anyways
<he hasn't read Value, Price and Profit


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I've been on this board for like 6 years and never read anything but the manifesto, you'll be fine :^)

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General thread for the discussion of the ecology of disturbed sites with no more direct human oversight. Think overgrown fields,dilapidated parking lots,young forests,abandoned canals and vegetation overtaking urban decay. of course if someone wants to bring up the historical,anthropological and urbanist perspectives that would be cool too(yeah we multidisciplinary in this bitch). I'll probably bump the thread with charts and maybe some common ruderal species near me which might be relevant to some anons.

Here is a more thorough definition from natureserve:

>Ruderal vegetation is defined as "vegetation found on human-disturbed sites, with no apparent recent historical natural analogs, and whose current composition and structure (1) is not a function of continuous cultivation by humans and (2) includes a broadly distinctive characteristic species combination, whether tree, shrub or herb dominated. The vegetation is often comprised of invasive species, whether exotic or native, that have expanded in extent and abundance due to the human disturbances" (Faber-Langendoen et al. 2014). This definition includes both the "ruderal communities" and "invasive communities" of Grossman et al. (1998), but excludes their "modified/managed communities", which are now treated informally as managed variants of natural types.

>These ruderal ecosystems are sometimes referred to as "novel" or "emerging" ecosystems (Hobbs et al. 2006, Belnap et al. 2012). The vegetation is often comprised of invasive species, whether exotic or native, that have expanded in extent and abundance due to human disturbances, whether from abandonment of sites with cultural vegetation (e.g., abandoned farmland, orchards, plantations), or from extensive alteration and degradation of more natural vegetation. In many landscapes, ruderal ecosystems occupy large areas–sometimes more than any other category of communities–and can provide important biodiversity functions.

>For a ruderal type to be defined based on invasive plant species, it must contain a new set of diagnostic species in the region and have essentially removed the diagnostic species of existing native types. That is, invasive species overwhelmingly dominate a stand (e.g., >90% cover), and native diagnostic species are largely to completely absent, or replaced by new, often "weedy" native species. Setting a hig
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I mean they're good posts so I don't really care but maybe I'll start an ecology general later today and see if the mods can just merge this thread into it


There's an app for this too called iNaturalist that this channel mentioned. It shows you species indigenous to your area and even has community features to join people in projects to restore indigenous ecosystems.


Does anyone know more stuff like those videos? It's fascinating.


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How the fuck hasn't anyone even mentioned Masanobu Fukuoka on this thread yet?
He's like the centrepiece of this study.


Who is that?


Thread to discuss his philosophical and political work. Feel free to share opinions, insights and material on Alexander Dugin and his literature.
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washington post and leftypol consensus says so therefore its true



>he bumped a 2 year old worthless thread


>"jewitsch" is literally in his middle name
Does /pol/ know?


As a right-winger I think he is fundamentally correct about the elemental differences between fixed and fluid aspects of the world economy (no surprise) and how it affects political consciousness, with its formal aspects being the differences between classical "common law" ("the law of the land") and maritime law ("law of the sea", which later comes to be known simply as "commerce"). One is bound by government and the other is fundamentally lawless (where international waters still operate as an anarchy for all sorts of activity, particularly human trafficking).
My critique is his frankly revolutionary obsession with geopolitics as the site of what he would sneak under the door as world-history, which is paired with his apocalyptic fantasies of a war between humanity and the godless demons.
Nick land has commented on him before and said that he agrees with him completely but just takes the side of the atlanticists.
The alchemy of his thought can be used for further criticism however, of the domestic arrangements between spaces like the rural and the urban (which lenin also attempts to reconcile, yet he fails), or which we might say, the contradiction between the hammer and sickle - which today in america (between coastal cities and the "midwest") also has a racial aspect to it.
This is also true in most western countries, where the rural as the FIXED, landed aspect is "native" and right-wing, while the city is FLUID and international (especially as traffic drives up prices of property).
Even of persons i have given my understanding in a separate thread between fixed (bodily/intuitive) people, who are right-wing, and fluid (mental/rational) people, who are left-wing.
This is also why right-wingers are literally "stuck in their ways" while lefties "go with the flow". This is also the strange relationship between the left and capital's international rapture.
Someone like marx wouldnt deny this progressive revolution in capital; he simply thought it wasnt destructive enough (that the bourgeoisie was holding it back, from their own self-replacement).
Yet the right are the outspoken supporters of capitalism, even as it rips apart the fabric of FIXED institutions. Deleuze ofc would call this deterritorialisation; another reformulation of this binary between the fixed and fluid.
So basically, dugin is completely right, but fails to universalise his perspective; often overly-particularising by appealing to his weltenschaaung (i.ePost too long. Click here to view the full text.

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