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I thought that it might me interesting to have a research thread on Native Americans (meaning all of the American continent). I've become very interested in the subject after reading about their culture and way of life, which was much more complex than colonizers initially believed. I'll embed a video which talks about various things about pre columbian civilizations, like how the populations may have been as high as 100 million before disease wiped out many (disease likely went a head of europeans too, so what settlers saw was basically post apocalyptic). Also, what we're now finding out about how humans initially arrived is very interesting too as there were likely some migrations by boat through the pacific by Pacific Islanders, who were incredible at navigation.


Also crazy is how ancient mounds built by aborigines are used as part of a fucking golf course, literally Stonehenge underneath them. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/12/arts/design/octagon-earthworks-newark-ohio-golf-course-native-american.html


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>which was much more complex than colonizers initially believed.
more like
>which was initially impressive and humbling to colonizers who proceeded to erase as much of it as possible because it made them feel insecure about their shitty architecture/agriculture and lack of hygiene
Early explorers tended to be impressed by the societies they encountered before disease and colonial genocide fucked it up.

People are sad about the Library of Alexandria burning, but we still have many if not most of the texts it contained there (because they "taxed" visitors by having them lend their texts to the library to copy, so it was largely not original texts). Meanwhile almost all of the writing that existed in the Americas (which most people aren't aware existed at all) was systematically destroyed by colonizers for being pagan etc.
For example: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_codices

Also look into the more recent LiDAR scans of land in the Americas (and other places like Angkor Wat) finding far more extensive ruins that were originally known to exist. A lot of the past is hidden under soil that accumulated above it, but with laser scanning from aircraft it's now possible to reveal it.


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File: 1618614609100-1.pdf (1.45 MB, 232x300, vencidos.pdf)

On this subject I really recommend Visión de los Vencidos (The Broken Spears in English) by Miguel León Portilla. As the title suggests, it's about the conquest of what is now Mexico as told by the Aztecs themselves

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What's a good book on one of the most epic moment in the history of communism: the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution?
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I looked its on libgen


And Mao Makes Five


File: 1618410759874.pdf (7.75 MB, 200x300, Dongping Han - The Unknown….pdf)

Found it tank you comrades


On a somewhat off topic note, what other theory material is similar in style to mao? I find his collected works to be very easy to understand and read, so I wondering if there are any other writers who’ve made books in an easy style.

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I want to get into easter/soviet marxism

What authors should I read?
Why is eastern marxism so obscure for us?
What are some ideas developed by eastern marxist thinkers I should know of?


Tito my nigga.


If you want to look into Marxist Legal Theory, then you sheald read some stuff by Pashukanis



Oh I love this, obscure subjects form a marxist lens, it's an absolute circlejerk but still insightful.


>Legal Theory
>Obscure Subject

Is it now? That's news to me


>Giving a marxist theory of LAW is an obscure subject.

Edvard Kardelj, Reminiscences: The struggle for recognition and independence of the new Yugoslavia, 1944

Edvard Kardelj: Democracy and socialism

Edvard Kardelj: Problems of socialist policy in the countryside


Edvard Kardelj: Self-management and the Political System

Tito: https://www.marxists.org/archive/tito/1939/x01/x01.htm

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I'm a 100% Debordian doomerism cuck and the only thing i've read from Foucault is Discipline and Punish which I didn't even finish. I don't understand why he gets so much shit from everyone.
His writing style is pretty simple and I don't think he says anything absurdly stupid.
I've tried reading Forget Foucault but it's inaccessible even by Baudrillard standards.
Can someone give me a quick rundown? And what's your opinion on him? Is it true that he basically became a neoliberal at the end of his life?
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Foucault has nothing to do with that. If anything he was strongly against making everything about yourself about an identity or identity related.


I don't think it matters what Foucault believed
as much of that shit is based on misreadings


>power flows from top to bottom
by what exactly? you think it’s possible to just maintain power by coercing everyone with death 24 hours a day?
this website needs to stop being so autistic on theories of ideology and false consciousness. modes of production are not control units.


He gave support to neoliberalism cuz "less state power is good for freedumbz"

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Requesting books on the U.S Intelligence community, especially the CIA and NSA. I'm interested in their history, anything they've been involved with, how they work etc. From a leftist perspective would be appreciated as well. Currently reading Surveillance Valley by Yasha Levine, which is pretty good for some basic observation and history.
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Talk to your tutor and lecturer about it


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I guess I can't argue with that


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Related as well, I think.

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Is Marxist Humanism the most correct interpretation of what Marx was getting at philosophically on the objective of communism? Marx only ever truly critiqued political economy and never focused on creating a new society and spoke of its political and economic structure because that was what utopian socialists and vulgar economists engaged in.

The goal for Marx understand the social economic relations of his time to understand why they existed in the first place and understand what bourgeois economists failed to understand in trying to create systems and economic categories to explain what they failed to get to the heart of. So the object was the liberation of the particular which would follow by liberating the social whole. The freer the individual the freer the social whole. This meant the liberation of not just the worker but also the liberation of the capitalist from their subservience to capital, which society itself created the conditions for and has created the conditions for the liberation of itself from it.
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>that Fruerbach is somehow anti-humanist
The point was about philosophy, not humanism.
>please do not speak on subjects which you know little of.


>lol wtf. please quote literally any sentence in Lukacs
You have absolutely no idea what you are talking about. It is obvious from OP's post that we are talking about the philosophical current of "Marxist humanism", that is to say, people that actually call themselves "Marxist humanists". It is obvious that I was talking about the Johnson-Forest tendency from my post, which covered the general positions of that tendency. It is obvious that Lukacs could not have possibly been a "Marxist humanist" in the 20s, because the 1844 manuscripts had not yet been published. But it is only obvious to someone who isn't intellectually lazy, which excludes you.


There was an althusser thread a while back, I can't seem to find it, had a good discussion there. Basically, "For Marx" was undercooked and Zizek has developed a better theory of ideology that is not as clunky as ISA.


Marxist conceptions of ideology are my main interest right now, both Zizek and althusser seem heavily influenced by Lacan, so I guess zizek would be the next logical person to read, Which of his texts would be the best place to understand Zizeks view of ideology?


Sublime Object of Ideology

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File: 1608528152578-1.pdf (40.82 KB, Kautsky Revolution Preface.pdf)

 No.2085[Reply][Last 50 Posts]

If you know French or German, please contribute a chapter to /leftypol/'s first crowdsourced translation project! This project started on >>691.

The book is Karl Kautsky's history of the French Revolution, originally published as Die Klassengegensätze im Zeitalter der Französischen Revolution in 1889. Coming from the "Pope of Marxism", as Kautsky was then known, this text likely had an immense influence on Lenin and other revolutionaries of his day. It was approved by Engels himself, and may have been foundational in establishing the Marxist theory of bourgeois revolution, yet it has never been translated into English. The original German is available here: https://www.marxists.org/deutsch/archiv/kautsky/1908/frev/index.html and an old French translation is available here: https://www.marxists.org/francais/kautsky/works/1889/00/antagonismes-table.htm

What makes this work especially good for us to translate is that it's relatively short - just around 60 pages in total, divided into 10 chapters. With each chapter being 5-7 pages each, it is conceivable to translate a chapter in one day's volunteer work. Comrade Akko has already translated the preface, and is working on chapter 1. That leaves 9 chapters to complete:

Preface: Complete!
Chapter 1: Second draft complete (French)
Chapter 2: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading complete (English)
Chapter 3: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading in progress (English) - Proofreader needed
Chapter 4: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading complete (English)
Chapter 5: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading complete (English)
Chapter 6: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading in progress (English) - Proofreader needed
Chapter 7: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading in progress (English) - Proofreader needed
Chapter 8: Complete! (Copyrighted work, permission secured)
Post too long. Click here to view the full text.
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there’s no reason you can’t do it yourself right? everything translated should be uploaded here
I think OP was on a bunkerchan


Are you working on chapter 10? I wanted to start translating it soon and don't want obviously to do it for nothing if you're already on it.


Oh excellent! I was only offering because I thought the project was 100% dead. I haven't started yet and wasn't going to particularly soon so definitely, feel free to go ahead and translate. I can proofread it when you're ready.
In the meantime I'm going to make a post on the bunkerchan version of the thread and see if OP is still there.


I have had some health issues that kept me from working on this, I will start next week. By May, every chapter will be translated and what will be needed is a global proofreading.


I am just an anon with nothing to contribute to the project here, but I'd just like to say that you all are doing amazing work and wish you all the best! This /edu/ board has already surpassed the /edu/ boards on bunkerchan or 8chan with this contribution. Many thanks to your hard work!

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end of pdf dump


What is "catalyst"?


Jacobin’s theory journal.


Anyone got any more of the more recent ones?

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I thinking i'm making the mistake of mixing postmodern thinkers and marxism without a good philosophical base. Zizek’s conception of ideology is based Lacan’s idea of the “real”, a primordial element that can not be discovered through any scientific analysis. The Orthodox marxist conception of the ideology is in relation to material reality of class relations. Ideology is what leads to “false consciousness”. Im I grasping it wrong? If Zizek doesn’t believe in the existence of an objective reality , Can he really be a marxists? Also wtf is the "lack in the symbolic Other". Can somebody help clarify?


I vaguely recall Zizek calling science a means to interrogate the real


“For Lacan, the Real is what any ‘reality’ must suppress; indeed, reality constitutes itself through just this repression. The Real is an unrepresentable X, a traumatic void that can only be glimpsed in the fractures and inconsistencies in the field of apparent reality. So one strategy against capitalist realism could involve invoking the Real(s) underlying the reality that capitalism presents to us.

Environmental catastrophe is one such Real. At one level, to be sure, it might look as if Green issues are very far from being ‘unrepresentable voids’ for capitalist culture. Climate change and the threat of resource-depletion are not being repressed so much as incorporated into advertising and marketing. What this treatment of environmental catastrophe illustrates is the fantasy structure on which capitalist realism depends: a presupposition that resources are infinite, that the earth itself is merely a husk which capital can at a certain point slough off like a used skin, and that any problem can be solved by the market ”
This is what i got from capitalist realism.

so in this case science could "interrogate the real". But is class struggle the real or is it itself just a part of an ideology suppresses the real?


>the “real”, a primordial element that can not be discovered through any scientific analysis
what are you talking about? the Real is just the surface level presentation of things, it’s the same thing as Sense-Certainty in phenomonelogy. he basically says this in his Hegel lectures.



"One may wonder why it should be the case that the subject only attains ‘full’ subjectivity by means of the ‘universal’ aspect of language – wouldn’t that clash with his contention, that the mirror stage, which lays the basis for the subject eventually acquiring language, teaches one to oppose any universalistic philosophy based on the Cogito, that is, any philosophy which claims unity and transparency for the subject? The reason is to be sought in the signifying function oflanguage or the symbolic order which enables the subject to be a subject, that is, to surpass the muteness and inertia of what Lacan terms the ‘real’ – for instance the body in its pure (‘unintelligible’, ‘unsymbolizable’) organic state"

"Quite simply, the real remains what is, an unspeakable is, an impossible, inexpressible, ineffable and undifferentiated space outside lan- guage. The real, then, lies beyond systems of signification; it exists outside Lacan's symbolic order. It is defined as that which cannot be defined, that which is alien to or resists signification, that which exceeds symbolization" I found this in secondary literature talking about Lacan's conception of the real, Im I missing something?

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The Bunkerchan (rip) Capital Reading Group recently finished Volume I and will be reading Volume II starting the second week of April! If you wish to join grab a copy of Penguin classics and be able to commit to a once a week discussion on Sundays - we are all US based and typically meet around 9 EST.

Expect to read 50-80 pages a week. We will not be covering the introduction or preface, but you are encouraged to read it before the group officially starts.

We will be reading Volume III after our reading of Volume II. And I wouldn't mind tacking on Marx's Grundrisse as well.

Group channel:

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would you mind if I make archive tho? I'll redact user name if that's the problem


too bad, it would be interesting to see

anyhoo, congratz on making it through and continuing

i am currently in my 2nd reading of capital, currently at vol. 1, the chapter about the length of the working day


Cool and gentle reminder to pick up Vol II (or use libgen) if you are planning on joining, we start next week.


yes the one on the front cover >>5113
and libreoffice tables because Marx used free software


We're reading Chapter 1: The Circuit of Money Capital this week.

'The Russian landowners, who as a result of the so-called emancipation of the peasants are now compelled to carry on agriculture with the help of wage-labourers instead of the forced labour of serfs, complain about two things: First, about the lack of money-capital. They say for instance that comparatively large sums must be paid to wage-labourers before the crops are sold, and just then there is a dearth of ready cash, the prime condition. Capital in the form of money must always be available, particularly for the payment of wages, before production can be carried on capitalistically. But the landowners may take hope. Everything comes to those who wait, and in due time the industrial capitalist will have at his disposal not alone his own money but also that of others.

The second complaint is more characteristic. It is to the effect that even if one has money, not enough labourers are to be had at any time. The reason is that the Russian farm-laborer, owing to the common ownership of land in the village community, has not yet been fully separated from his means of production and hence is not yet a “free wage-laborer” in the full sense of the word. But the existence of the latter on a social scale is a sine qua non for M — C, the conversion of money into commodities, to be able to represent the transformation of money-capital into productive capital.'

An example of the super woke shit you could be reading leftypol anons

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