This is what I mean; the Chinese absolutely need the EU to be independent and not an American client / proxy. The United States / AUKUS / Quad / ABCA can sanction China all it wants, but as long as the EU maintains trade ties with China, the sanctions don't have effect.
As long as China still has market access to the EU, the American attempt to contain China will fail.
China vs the US as major hegemon is a timing issue / race condition. As long as the US doesn't zerg rush China between now and 2030, China will reach economic parity and be within 5 years of technological parity by 2030.
This implies the breakdown of the American World System as the United States, first, no longer has the ability to exert its will unchallenged, and second, it's no longer even the biggest consumer market.
Read stuff like American Tianxia. The United States' place in the World System is that it's the consumer of last resort; all countries wish to export to the United States and the American ability to deny other countries access to its markets and capital markets is the underpinning of the American World System.
However, for China to make it through to 2030 without an actual war, the place of the United States in the American World System collapses because now there are two suns in the sky.Post too long. Click here to view the full text.