All right, here's your resident Wop. Let me clarify the issue:
under Benito, a "corporazione" was in fact a state-mandated guild or trade union requiring everyone operating in a certain economic sector to join, regardless of them being employers or emlpoyees. So this is obviously not what Americans, English and sundry Anglophones call a "corporation", i.e. a firm, a company, a business, especially a very big and powerful one.
Now, the word "corporazione" in a political sense wasn't invented by Benito or some other of his fascist thugs, but it's actually a kind of political and economic institution going back to the Middle Ages and the birth of relatively independent and relatively representative bodies in the government of various cities and towns. In English, such bodies are often called "guilds", but considering they existed and evolved through many centuries and in many different places, many different names for the stuff existed. That applied also for other languages and Italian was no exception, so there were "corporazioni", "arti", "mestieri", "gilde" and so on, but fundamentally we are talking about the same kind of thing.
That said, under Benito, as I said, they were state-mandated organisations used to quell any kind of independent and substantial labour demand and to resolve any dispute in favour of capital. At one point in the late 1930s, the legislative branch of the state was reformed. The old House of Representatives that originated in the old liberal regime was in place until 1939 or so, even if after 1925 every party except the fascist one were banned and the phony elections held every five years were just for voters to approve a list of candidates personally vetted by Benito. In its place, a new house of fasci e corporazioni
was created whose membership was elected inside both the fascist party and the "corporazioni", of course after the candidates were vetted and approved by Benito or some other grandee he delegated.
Fundamentally it was a ruse to give the appearance labour had a fair representation and the state wasn't just a plain dictatorship of baton wielding gorillas doing the industrialists' and the agrarians' bidding.
So, long story short, this Paulson guy is right in his remark.>>127Post too long. Click here to view the full text.